ROSALIE SLAUGHTER MORTON PAPERS, 1895-1955
Blanche Rosalie Slaughter Morton was born in Lynchburg, Virginia on October 28, 1876, to John and Mary Slaughter. She attended private schools in Virginia and Maryland. In 1897 Morton graduated from The Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania. She did postgraduate work in Europe and finished her studies with a tour of India studying the bubonic plague.
In 1902, Morton began her medical practice in Washington, D.C moving it to New York after marrying George Morton in 1905. George died in 1912, and Rosalie became a world traveler, often serving as a good will ambassador for various organizations on these trips.
In 1916 Morton served in a French Army hospital on the Salonica front as a special commissioner of the American Red Cross to the Serbian Army. There she studied the organization of hospitals and contributions of women to the war effort. She was later appointed chairman of the War Service Committee of the Medical Women's National Association. From 1917 to 1918 she organized and directed the American Women's Hospitals and represented women physicians through her appointment to the Council of National Defense.
After the war, Morton organized and directed the Virginia Hospital Fund which provided equipment for two Yugoslavian hospitals and a tuberculosis camp for children operated by the Serbian Red Cross. She founded the International Serbian Education Committee which brought 61 Serbian students to the United States for post-secondary education.
Morton was the first woman faculty member of Columbia University Medical School. She was an attending surgeon at the Vanderbilt clinic of the College of Physicians and Surgeons and a lecturer on clinical and minor surgery from 1916 to 1919. Her career included: the first chair of the Public Health Education Committee of the American Medical Association from 1909 to 1910, staff member of the New York Polyclinic Hospital and postgraduate medical school from 1912 to 1918, and work at hospitals in Washington, New York, and Florida.
In 1930 Hamilton Holt, president of Rollins College persuaded Morton to set up practice in Winter Park, Florida. She continued her world travels and published two books, A Woman Surgeon and A Doctor’s Holiday in Iran.
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE
The collection includes correspondence, diaries, book drafts, biographical materials, articles, scrapbooks, photograph albums, travel literature, clippings, notes, photographs, and postcards.
The papers were transferred in 1972 to the Hoover Presidential Library from Rollins College in Winter Park, Florida. The College obtained them from Helen Duke, Morton’s niece. Some materials of unknown content were lost to insects and dampness while stored in a garage.
SUBJECT FILES contain correspondence, biographical information, diaries
LECTURES AND WRITINGS contain book drafts, articles, notes, and research files for Morton and Aline Shane Devin. Included are drafts and source material for Morton's books, A Woman Surgeon and A Doctor’s Holiday in Iran. Arranged alphabetically.
TRAVEL FILES: Correspondence, notes and clippings, printed material, and writing from world travels.
VISUAL MATERIAL AND MEMORABILIA: Prints, photographs, postcards, and scrapbooks.
Morton’s autobiography A Woman Surgeon and A Doctor's Holiday in Iran are in the library collection.
American Women's Hospitals, 1917-1940 (3 folders)
Biographical Clippings, 1912-1954 (scattered, pictures)
Diaries on Medical Education in Europe, 1898-1899, 1901-1902 (3 folders)
Nomination for Distinguished Service Medal by Veterans of Foreign Wars, 1928
International Serbian Education Committee
General Correspondence, 1919-1927, 1939-1955 (11 folders)
Lynchburg Monument, 1943
Correspondence Regarding Medical Effects of Fresh Air, 1911
Colonial Dames and the Daughters of the American Revolution, 1912-1923
Missionary Literature, 1936-1942
Aline Shane Devin
Rosalie Slaughter Morton
Constitutional States in Relation to Gynecological Conditions, 1914 (article)
Miscellaneous, 1920-1939 (3 folders)
A Doctor's Holiday in Iran
Correspondence, 1935-1939 (2 folders)
Chapters 18-20 (3 folders)
Life In New York, 1925-1928 (article fragment)
Correspondence, 1924-1933 (5 folders)
Missions – South Africa, 1905-1928
Tanganyika Territory Report of Education Department, 1926-1931
Trip Arrangements, 1926-1928
Correspondence, 1932-1945 (2 folders)
Iraq – Notes and Drafts, 1937-1941
General, 1919-1955 (2 folders)
Book donations, 1922-1928
Atrocities in Serbia, 1919
Articles and Writings, 1914-1933
American University, 1934-1936
Florida (2 folders)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Awards, Certificates, and Licenses
Association of Military Surgeons, 1941
Lantern slides – Serbian people, circa 1920
Scrapbook – Report on the Work of the International Serbian Educational Committee, Inc., 1919-1926
Photo Album – Haiti by H. G. Witte, Aug 9, 1929
1876 Born in Lynchburg, Virginia
1897 Graduated from Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania
1898 Resident Physician, Alumni Hospital and Dispensary, Philadelphia
1899‑1902 Post graduate study in Europe and Asia
1903‑1905 Gynecologist, Women's Clinic, Washington, DC
1905-1915 Practice in New York City
1916 Volunteer service in French Military Field Hospital on the Salonica front
1919 Provided hospital equipment for 2 Yugoslav hospitals and tuberculosis camp for children under Serbian Red Cross.
1919‑1923 Visiting surgeon and consultant, Volunteer Hospital
1919‑1928 Founder and chairman International Serbian Educational Committee under which 60 Yugoslav students were educated in American Colleges.
1921‑1926 Commissioner on International education to England, France, Germany and Italy.
1923 Delegate Pan Pacific Scientific Congress, Australia
1924 Delegate to Congress of Societies to Promote League of Nations, France
1926 Commissioner from League of American Pen Women and Women's Medical Society of New York to South Africa.
1926 Tree in Honor Grove, Central Park, New York, planted in her honor "for distinguished patriotic service"
1927 Awarded Palm of Officer French Academy
1928‑1929 Ambassador of goodwill from various organizations to Mexico, Haiti and Porto Rico
1929 Honorary Doctor of Humanities, Rollins College
1930 Practiced medicine at Winter Haven, Florida, specializing in arthritis
1930 Member visiting staff, Orange General Hospital
1934 Presented with loving cup by a group of members of American Medical Association
1935 Commissioned by League of American Pen Women and Women's Medical Society of New York State to Iraq and Persia
Honorary President and Ambassador of goodwill to medical women in Near East and Middle East
Business and professional commission of national and international associations to Greece, Turkey and Syria
1939 Doctor of Science, Rutgers University
1968 May 5 Died in Winter Park, Florida