Manuscript Collections - Rosalie Slaughter Morton Papers


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7 linear feet, 2 linear inches (16 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize box)
Herbert Hoover Presidential Library


Blanche Rosalie Slaughter Morton was born in Lynchburg, Virginia on October 28, 1876, to John and Mary Slaughter. She attended private schools in Virginia and Maryland. In 1897 Morton graduated from The Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania. She did postgraduate work in Europe and finished her studies with a tour of India studying the bubonic plague.

In 1902, Morton began her medical practice in Washington, D.C moving it to New York after marrying George Morton in 1905. George died in 1912, and Rosalie became a world traveler, often serving as a good will ambassador for various organizations on these trips.

In 1916 Morton served in a French Army hospital on the Salonica front as a special commissioner of the American Red Cross to the Serbian Army. There she studied the organization of hospitals and contributions of women to the war effort. She was later appointed chairman of the War Service Committee of the Medical Women's National Association. From 1917 to 1918 she organized and directed the American Women's Hospitals and represented women physicians through her appointment to the Council of National Defense.

After the war, Morton organized and directed the Virginia Hospital Fund which provided equipment for two Yugoslavian hospitals and a tuberculosis camp for children operated by the Serbian Red Cross. She founded the International Serbian Education Committee which brought 61 Serbian students to the United States for post-secondary education.

Morton was the first woman faculty member of Columbia University Medical School. She was an attending surgeon at the Vanderbilt clinic of the College of Physicians and Surgeons and a lecturer on clinical and minor surgery from 1916 to 1919. Her career included: the first chair of the Public Health Education Committee of the American Medical Association from 1909 to 1910, staff member of the New York Polyclinic Hospital and postgraduate medical school from 1912 to 1918, and work at hospitals in Washington, New York, and Florida.

In 1930 Hamilton Holt, president of Rollins College persuaded Morton to set up practice in Winter Park, Florida. She continued her world travels and published two books, A Woman Surgeon and A Doctor’s Holiday in Iran.


The collection includes correspondence, diaries, book drafts, biographical materials, articles, scrapbooks, photograph albums, travel literature, clippings, notes, photographs, and postcards.
These materials document Morton’s medical work, world travels, and professional affiliations.

The papers were transferred in 1972 to the Hoover Presidential Library from Rollins College in Winter Park, Florida. The College obtained them from Helen Duke, Morton’s niece. Some materials of unknown content were lost to insects and dampness while stored in a garage.


SUBJECT FILES contain correspondence, biographical information, diaries
Topics include the International Serbian Education Committee, the American Women’s Hospital, Morton’s medical practice, and Rollins College. The two diaries record Morton’s medical education in Europe. There is correspondence between Morton and Surgeon General Hugh S. Cummings. Correspondence pertaining to the origin and administration of the American Women's Hospital has been lost since Morton used these letters as paper for pasting together the draft for her book on Iran. Arranged alphabetically.

LECTURES AND WRITINGS contain book drafts, articles, notes, and research files for Morton and Aline Shane Devin.  Included are drafts and source material for Morton's books, A Woman Surgeon and A Doctor’s Holiday in Iran. Arranged alphabetically.

TRAVEL FILES: Correspondence, notes and clippings, printed material, and writing from world travels.

VISUAL MATERIAL AND MEMORABILIA: Prints, photographs, postcards, and scrapbooks.


Morton’s autobiography A Woman Surgeon and A Doctor's Holiday in Iran are in the library collection.




American Women's Hospitals, 1917-1940 (3 folders)

Biographical Information

Biographical Clippings, 1912-1954 (scattered, pictures)
Biographic Publishers, 1922-1928
Data Sheets, 1920-1931 (2 folders)
Data Sheets for Biographers, 1920-1928
Data Sheets for Colonial Dames, 1925-1927
Data Sheets for Service to Serbia, 1919
Data Sheets for Veterans of Foreign Wars, 1927
Data Sheets for War Work, 1919
Data Sheets for Who's Who, 1912
Incomplete Data Sheets, 1920-1931 (3 folders)
Clippings, 1900-1920s
Information for Colonial Dames and Daughters the American Revolution,1877, 1898, 1912, 1927, 1933 and undated


Diaries on Medical Education in Europe, 1898-1899, 1901-1902 (3 folders)
Financial Papers and Will, 1926-1944
General Correspondence, 1897-1955 and undated (7 folders)

Nomination for Distinguished Service Medal by Veterans of Foreign Wars, 1928
Tree Planting in Honor Grove of Central Park, 1926


International Serbian Education Committee

General Correspondence, 1919-1927, 1939-1955 (11 folders)
Clippings and Programs, 1920-1923
Related Materials, 1920-1934 (essays, history, reports, Belgian students)

Lynchburg Monument, 1943
Medicine and Practice

Correspondence Regarding Medical Effects of Fresh Air, 1911
Interesting Patients, 1936
Medical Literature on Women in American Medicine, 1909-1935
New York Polyclinic, 1912‑1928 and undated
Practice – Morton’s Hospital Privileges, 1913-1922
Miscellaneous, 1910‑1915



Colonial Dames and the Daughters of the American Revolution, 1912-1923
League of Nations – Nonpartisan Association, 1924-1932
Medical Society of New York, 1912-1928
New York Peace Society, 1911-1928
Veterans of Foreign Wars, 1927-1928
Women's Medical Society of New York, 1928
Zonta, 1923-1925 (2 folders)

Missionary Literature, 1936-1942
Railroad Accident and Lawsuit, 1937-1940 (4 folders)
Rollins College, 1931‑1940
Rollins College – Printed Material, 1929-1940 (2 folders)


Aline Shane Devin

Fiction, 1911-1929
India, circa 1930-1939
A Little Maid of Brittany, 1920-1924
Plays, circa 1905-1929
Travel writings, circa 1920-1939
Unidentified Drafts, undated

Rosalie Slaughter Morton

Constitutional States in Relation to Gynecological Conditions, 1914 (article)
Drafts (primarily related to travels)

Africa, 1927-1928
Iceland, undated
Ireland – the Giant's Causeway, 1899-1900
League of Nations, circa 1923
Medicine, Practice and Arthritis, 1934-1936
On Board the City of Rome, 1900
South America, 1933


Miscellaneous, 1920-1939 (3 folders)

A Doctor's Holiday in Iran

Correspondence, 1935-1939 (2 folders)
Clippings and Criticism, 1939
Table of Contents
Chapters 2-17 (16 folders)


Chapters 18-20 (3 folders)
Book Notes, 1937-1939 (5 folders)
Drafts, 1935-1939 (2 folders)


Life In New York, 1925-1928 (article fragment)
New Book, 1955
Notes and Clippings, 1915-1949 (3 folders)
Pan-American Congress in Panama and the APHA, 1905 (article)
Report of Work of Women Physicians in the Near East, 1936 (article)
With the French Fleet of Mercy, 1917 (article)
A Woman Surgeon (autobiography)

Correspondence, 1936-1941
Abstract, 1936
Chapters 1-3, 7, 9-10, 25, 30 (8 folders)
Clippings, 1937
Criticism, 1935-1937
Preface, 1937
Source Material, 1935-1937
Unidentified Drafts, 1935-1937 and undated

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Box Contents


Correspondence, 1924-1933 (5 folders)
Clippings, 1926-1927
Guidebooks – South Africa, 1926-1935 (3 folders)


Missions – South Africa, 1905-1928
Notes – South Africa, 1926-1936

Tanganyika Territory Report of Education Department, 1926-1931
University of Cape Town Development Scheme, 1919

Trip Arrangements, 1926-1928

Australia, 1923-1928

Correspondence, 1900-1902
Notes, circa 1900

England, 1931‑1934

Correspondence, 1923‑1924
Notes, 1923

Greece, 1925-1933



Correspondence, 1932-1945 (2 folders)
Alborz College of Teheran (formerly American College), 1931-1937

Iraq – Notes and Drafts, 1937-1941
Passports, 1926-1937
Portugal, undated
Serbia Correspondence

General, 1919-1955 (2 folders)


Book donations, 1922-1928
Crown Prince of Serbia, 1921
Dementevitch, Zorfka, 1922-1929
Reception for Serbian Minister, 1922
Serbian Red Cross, 1919-1928
Siebold, Mary – On Women’s Hospital in Serbia, 1920-1921
Society of Women Doctors, 1920-1921

Serbia Topical

Atrocities in Serbia, 1919
Circle of Serbian Sisters, 1919-1921
Clippings, 1922-1926
Lectures and Notes by Morton, 1919-1924
Maestrovitch, Ivan, 1924 (sculptor)
Publications, 1920-1924

South America

Articles and Writings, 1914-1933
Notes and Correspondence, 1913-1920s

Spain, 1924-1928
Sweden – Accident, 1930-1931

American University, 1934-1936
Notes, 1934-1936




Florida, 1930-1955
Frontier Nursing Service, 1931-1932
Haiti, 1928-1933 (2 folders)
Serbia, 1916-1920 (2 folders)
Slaughter, Willis, 1953
South Africa, 1926-1928 (4 folders)
World trip, 1937
Yugoslavia – Portraits of Individuals, 1916-1919



South Africa (2 folders)
Southern Rhodesia
United States

Florida (2 folders)
Georgia (Miss Barry’s school)
New York



Bosnia and Herzegovina
Serbia (4 folders)



Awards, Certificates, and Licenses

Association of Military Surgeons, 1941
Bermuda Medical License, 1908
Colonial Dames of America, 1912
Daughters of the American Revolution, 1910
Department of State – United States Food Administration, 1917
District of Columbia Medical License, 1902
Florida Medical License, 1919
France Medical Services, 1927
Honorary Doctorate – Rollins College, 1929
Honorary Doctorate – Rutgers University, 1939
Library of Congress – Transcription of A Woman Surgeon into Braille, 1940
Medical Society of the County of New York, 1908
New York Academy of Medicine Fellow, 1910
New York Academy of Sciences, 1939
Serbia Medical Services, 1919
Serbian Awards, 1921, 1927
United States Council of National Defense, 1919

Lantern slides – Serbian people, circa 1920

Scrapbook – Report on the Work of the International Serbian Educational Committee, Inc., 1919-1926 
Scrapbook – Zonta Biographical Information on Rosalie Slaughter Morton
(documents, photographs, articles by Morton: Physical and Moral Health During Adolescence, 1911; Woman’s Place in the Public Health Movement, 1912; Constitutional States in Relation to Gynecological Conditions, 1914; Dysmenorrhoea, 1914; Oil Ether Colonic Anesthesia, 1916;)


Photo Album – Haiti by H. G. Witte, Aug 9, 1929
Photo Album – Serbia – Buildings, undated
Scrapbook – Rosalie Slaughter Morton, 1916-1919 (Columbia medical faculty, Labrador, American Women’s Hospitals, Serbia, clippings, photographs, document)
Scrapbook – Serenity, undated (colored postcards and photographs of Florida home)
Scrapbook – Yugoslavia Postcards, undated (color postcards paintings)
Sketches, undated (woman, statues, mule, buildings)


1876 Born in Lynchburg, Virginia

1897 Graduated from Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania

1898 Resident Physician, Alumni Hospital and Dispensary, Philadelphia

1899‑1902 Post graduate study in Europe and Asia

1903‑1905 Gynecologist, Women's Clinic, Washington, DC

1905-1915 Practice in New York City

1916 Volunteer service in French Military Field Hospital on the Salonica front

1919 Provided hospital equipment for 2 Yugoslav hospitals and tuberculosis camp for children under Serbian Red Cross.

1919‑1923 Visiting surgeon and consultant, Volunteer Hospital

1919‑1928 Founder and chairman International Serbian Educational Committee under which 60 Yugoslav students were educated in American Colleges.

1921‑1926 Commissioner on International education to England, France, Germany and Italy.

1923 Delegate Pan Pacific Scientific Congress, Australia

1924 Delegate to Congress of Societies to Promote League of Nations, France

1926 Commissioner from League of American Pen Women and Women's Medical Society of New York to South Africa.

1926 Tree in Honor Grove, Central Park, New York, planted in her honor "for distinguished patriotic service"

1927 Awarded Palm of Officer French Academy

1928‑1929 Ambassador of goodwill from various organizations to Mexico, Haiti and Porto Rico

1929 Honorary Doctor of Humanities, Rollins College

1930 Practiced medicine at Winter Haven, Florida, specializing in arthritis

1930 Member visiting staff, Orange General Hospital

1934 Presented with loving cup by a group of members of American Medical Association

1935 Commissioned by League of American Pen Women and Women's Medical Society of New York State to Iraq and Persia

Honorary President and Ambassador of goodwill to medical women in Near East and Middle East

Business and professional commission of national and international associations to Greece, Turkey and Syria

1939 Doctor of Science, Rutgers University

1968 May 5 Died in Winter Park, Florida

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