FREDERICK C. CROXTON PAPERS, 1898-1960
Frederick C. Croxton was born on May 3, 1871 in Huntsville, Illinois. He graduated from Columbian University in 1898. Croxton worked as a statistician for the Bureau of Pensions, the Department of Labor, the Immigration Commission, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. From 1916 to 1919, Croxton was the director of Social Welfare Departments Ohio Institute for Public Efficiency. During the First World War he also served as the Federal Food Administrator for Ohio, Vice Chairman of the Ohio Branch Council of National Defense and the Federal Director of Employment for Ohio. Herbert Hoover appointed Croxton to the President’s Emergency Committee for Employment. Croxton administered $300,000,000 of relief funds under the Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC). From 1937 to 1939 he was Chief of the Division of Administrative Aid of the Bureau of Unemployment Compensation of the Social Security Board. From 1939 to 1941 he was assistant to the Director of the Bureau of Employment Security. Croxton was the Special Commissioner of Conciliation for the Department of Labor during 1942 and 1943. From 1948 to 1955 he was a member of the Fair Employment Board in the Civil Service Commission. Fred Croxton died on April 3, 1960.
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE
This collection documents Frederick Croxton’s professional career and contains: printed material, correspondence, reports, notes, clippings, biographical documents, and memoirs. Some of the material for the Department of Labor and the National Bureau of Economic Research were written by Croxton’s sons, Frederick E. Croxton and Frank C. Croxton. This collection is organized alphabetically by organization or name.
Bureau of Employment Security
Arbitration between Columbia Typographical Union No. 101 and Washington Newspaper Publishers’ Association,Mar 1939
Council of National Defense. A History of the Activities of the Ohio Branch, How Ohio Mobilized Her Resources for the War, 1917-1919 (2 copies)
Biographical Materials, 1898-1969
Department of Industrial Relations of Ohio – Publications on Employment, 1930
Human Values in Labor Questions – Speech by Croxton, 1949
Correspondence with Herbert Hoover, 1953-1956
President’s Emergency Committee for Employment (PECE) 1931 (employment conditions in states, memos, radio addresses, and Time magazine article)
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
United States Department of Labor
Average Annual Wage and Salary Payments in Ohio 1916-1932 by Fred C. Croxton, Frederick E. Croxton, and Frank C. Croxton, 1935
Unemployment in Columbus, Ohio 1921-1925 by Frederick E. Croxton, 1926