Manuscript Collections - Francis Gloyd Awalt Papers

Aug 20, 2021

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FRANCIS GLOYD AWALT PAPERS, 1920-1966
2 linear feet, 2 linear inches
(7 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize box)
Herbert Hoover Presidential Library

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

Frances Gloyd Awalt was born on January 3, 1895 in Laurel, Maryland. He graduated from Baltimore Polytechnic Institute in 1914 and received his Bachelor of Law from the University of Maryland in 1917. During World War I he served in the Reserve Corps as an artillery second lieutenant. In 1920 he began a 16 year career with the Treasury Department. In September 1932 he was appointed Acting Comptroller by President Herbert Hoover and served in that role through April 1933. He resigned from the Treasury Department in 1936 and practiced law until his death on December 28, 1966. 

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

The collection is arranged into two series.

The OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER RECORDS (4 boxes) span the years from 1920 through 1969, primarily documenting Awalt’s work for from 1928 through 1936. The series contains: articles, correspondence, Congressional testimony, notes, reports, newspaper clippings, and booklets. The banking crisis of 1933 is represented by notes, an account book, and an article in the Harvard Law Review. There is also information about the 1950 reorganization.

The PERSONAL PAPERS (4 boxes) document work outside the Comptroller’s Office from 1932 to 1967, primarily his legal practice. The series contains: correspondence, speeches, newspaper clippings, awards, photographs, and a scrapbook.

CONTENTS LIST

OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER RECORDS

Box      Contents

1

Address on Taxes to American Institute of Banking, Detroit Chapter, 1928
Articles about Awalt – Clippings, 1927-1934 and undated
Articles written by Awalt, 1923-1933
Bank Crisis

Banking emergency of 1933 (2 folders)
Historical background
National bank holiday, 1924, 1932-1944 (3 folders)
Notes
Personal account by Awalt, Mar 1933
Harvard Law Review article, 1969

2

Printed Matter

Bank Failures

 Atlanta
Detroit

Congressional testimony by Awalt, Feb 1934
Congressional testimony by John K. McKee, Jan 1934
Examination of First National Bank, Aug 1933

Legal cases and materials
Louisville
New York City – Harriman National Bank

Correspondence
Legal (2 folders)

New York City – National City Bank of New York

 Bank Guaranty

Articles
Correspondence and legal aspects

3

Banking, printed matter 1935-1946
Clippings – appointment congratulations
Comptroller Office Reorganization Plan, 1950

Correspondence
Memorandum
Printed matter
Statements to Congress

Correspondence, 1920-1927, 1929-1932 (4 folders)

4

Correspondence – Memo to Secretary Mills, Nov 1932
Correspondence, 1933-1935 (2 folders)
Correspondence with Samuel Crowder, 1939-1941 (Ogden Mills biographer)
Correspondence with Ray Moley, 1964-1966
Federal Reserve Bulletins, Jan 1932, Mar 1932, Mar 1933
Gold hoarding, 1933-1934
Liquidation of unlicensed banks
National Banking Act of 1933 – Proposal
National Banking Act of 1933 – Reports
Resignation of Awalt (2 folders)
Social Security Act, 1936

PERSONAL PAPERS

5

Awards and honors
Clippings
Correspondence, 1932-1944 (8 folders)

6

Correspondence, 1945, 1952-1967 (8 folders)
Death of Awalt
Genealogy
Legal Practice

Admission to practice law
Building purchase and remodeling, 1936
Building sale

7

Building sale
Clippings
Correspondence – Congratulations upon entering law practice, 1936
General War Claims Act, 1964
Partnership agreements (2 folders)
Speeches, 1948 and undated
Washington Board of Trade, 1951-1953

Military Service

Certificates
Conscientious objector investigations, 1944

Miscellaneous
Awalt, Jr. F.G.

Autograph book
Interview with Dwight Miller

Awalt, Gilbert H.

8

Oversize Materials

Certificates
Photographs
Scrapbook of bank crisis