Manuscript Collections - Bonney Youngblood Papers

March 13, 2020

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BONNEY YOUNGBLOOD PAPERS, 1908-1950
15 linear feet, 4 linear inches (35 LGA-S boxes)
Herbert Hoover Presidential Library

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

Bonney Youngblood graduated from Texas A & M in 1902 and earned a Ph.D. in agricultural economics from the University of Wisconsin in 1921. He served with the USDA as an assistant agriculturalist from 1907 until 1911. He directed the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station from 1911 to 1926. In 1926 Youngblood established a cotton marketing research program to solve problems of overproduction, low prices, and rural poverty in the South. Youngblood worked for the Office of Experiment Stations from 1929 until his retirement in 1950.
 
The Southwestern Range and Sheep Breeding Laboratory was established to enhance Navaho woolen products and to improve the tribe's living standard and self-sufficiency. Youngblood established an agricultural experiment station in Rio Piedra, Puerto Rico to study tropical crops. The studies were useful during World War II when hemp, jute and rubber were in short supply. Youngblood was one of the founders of the Society for Rural Sociology.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

The collection contains correspondence, reports, biographical information, speeches, writings, and recipes. Subjects include: agricultural economics, rural sociology, Navajo Indians, the Department of Agriculture Office of Experimental Stations, and the Southwestern Range and Sheep Breeding Laboratory. Correspondence with M. L. Wilson includes letters on agricultural policies. Cotton marketing is addressed in correspondence, reports, and committee findings.
Information on the Puerto Rican station is found in reports and correspondence.

FOLDER LIST

Box      Contents

1          A Group
Adams, Andy, 1923‑1930
            Agricultural Economics, undated
            Agricultural Economics Research History, 1921‑1931
            Agriculture Secretary, 1929‑1935 and undated (Henry Wallace, Rexford Tugwell, Arthur
                     Hyde)
            Allen, Edwin West, 1929
            Allin, Bushrod, 1931‑1941
            American Farm Economic Association, 1929‑1943 and undated
American Political Science Association, 1943
            American Society of Agricultural Sciences, 1940‑1942
            Association of Southern Agricultural Workers, 1934‑1943
            Ayres, W. E., 1921-1936 (2 folders)
            B Group (5 folders)
            Bachman, George W., 1937‑1944
            Barco Belt Company, 1939‑1942 and undated
            Bargaining Association, 1921 (Texas)
            Bennett, H. H., 1929-1937 and undated (Navajo Indians, 2 folders)
            Bibliographies, 1920, 1943-1948 (3 folders)
            Butterfield, Kenyon L., 1921‑1934 (rural sociology)
            C GROUP (5 folders)

3          C GROUP
            Capper Award for Distinguished Service to Agriculture, 1930
            Carter, W. T., 1931‑1944 (Texas A and M)
            Celtic Researches on the Origin, Traditions and Language of the Ancient Britons
                     by Edward Davies, undated (typescript of 1804 document)
            Chicago Conference of Agricultural Economists, 1931
            Clark, Charles W., 1929-1935 (2 folders)
            Clayton, Will, 1945 (cotton)
            Clippings, 1929 and undated
            Community Chest, 1931‑1940
            Conner, A. B., 1926-1939 (Texas Experiment Station, 4 folders)

4          Conner, A. B., 1940‑1941 and undated (2 folders)
            Cooper, J. M., 1935-1941 (Navajo Indians, 3 folders)
            Cooper, Maurice R. 1929‑1941 and undated
            Cooperative Farm No. 1, 1936 and undated
            Country Gentleman, 1929-1932, 1940 (Philip Rose, 2 folders)
            Cotton, 1924-1945 and undated (3 folders)
            Cotton – Delta Trip Clippings, 1931
            Cotton Belt Conference, 1930
                     Correspondence, 1929-1930 (2 folders)
                     Program Topics
                     Session Summaries

5          Cotton Grade and Staple Estimates, 1928‑1929
            Cotton Marketing, Undated
            Cotton Research Coordinating Committee, 1929-1931 and undated (7 folders)
            Cotton Studies, 1926‑1928
            Cox, A. B., 1929‑1942
            Crawford, G. L., 1929‑1937

6          Crawford, G. L., 1938‑1944
            Curtis, George W., 1940‑1945
            D GROUP (4 folders)
            Detweiller, S. B., 1936‑1940
            E GROUP (4 folders)
            Employees Union, 193419‑43 and undated
            Experiment Stations, 1927‑1940
            Experiment Stations – Texas
                     Appropriations, 1915‑1919

7                   Board of Directors Meetings, 1911-1920 (2 folders)
                     History
            Extension Services, 1930‑1941
            F GROUP (3 folders)
            Farmer's Guild History, 1941
            Farm Relief, 1929 and undated
            Farm Security Administration, 1941
            Federal Emergency Relief Administration, 1934‑1935
            Federal Land Policies, 1921
            Flooring, 1936
            G GROUP (3 folders)

8          G GROUP
            Gabbard, L. P. 1929‑1939
            Galpin, C. J. 1926‑1938 (rural sociology, Alabama family farms)
            Garcia, Fabian, 1929-1945 (2 folders) [31-by-b08-f04, 31-by-b08-f05]
            Gold Situation, 1933‑1934
            Grass Mixtures, 1939
            Grazing, undated
            H GROUP (5 folders)
            Harwell, Gordon, 1943‑1944
            Hill, Grover, 1940‑1941
            Historical Resources, 1933 and undated

9          History – Agricultural, 1920‑1939
            History of Science Committee, 1939
            Hollingshead, August B., 1935‑1936
            Hotels, 1929-1941 and undated (trips, 3 folders)
            Hudgins, Bessie, 1933‑1934
            I GROUP (2 folders)
            Interbureau Committee on Postwar Programs, 1941-1945 (6 folders)
            Institute of American Meat Packers, 1933

10        International Conference of Agricultural Economists, 1938‑1939
            Interstate Commerce Commission, 1947
            J GROUP (2 folders)
            Jackson, S. B., 1929‑1933
            Jardine, James T., 1931-1942 and undated (5 folders)
            K GROUP (2 folders)
            Kent, Harry Llewellyn, 1930‑1935
            Kyle, Edwin J., 1929-1945 (2 folders)
            L GROUP

11        L GROUP (2 folders)
            Land Economics, 1921 and undated
            Land Grant Colleges Association, 1932-1941 and undated (2 folders)
            Laws, 1914‑1929
            Leases and Contracts, 1946 and undated
            M GROUP (5 folders)
            Mann, A. R., 1930‑1941
            McPhee, H. C., 1935‑1942 (Navajo Indians)
            Meetings of Staff, 1946‑1948 and undated
            Moser, C. O., 1929‑1932 (American Cotton Cooperative Association)
            Moffet, George, 1929‑1931
            Mules, 1935‑1936
            Musgrove, M. E., 1934‑1937 (Navajo Indians)
            N GROUP (2 folders)
            National Farm Economic Society, undated
            National Research Council, 1929-1936 (2 folders)
            Navajo Indians, 1934‑1941
            Navajo Trading Report by Youngblood, 1935
            Negro Farmers, 1943
            New Deal, 1934
            Nolla, J. A. B., 1937-July 1940 (Puerto Rico research station, 5 folders)

13        Nolla, J. A. B., Aug 1940-1947 (9 folders)
            North Carolina Agricultural Society, 1929
            O GROUP
            Office of Accounts (USDA), 1923‑1936 and undated
            Office of Experiment Stations (USDA), 1928-1939 (2 folders)

14        Office of Experiment Stations, 1940-1945 and undated (3 folders) 
            Office of Experiment Stations – Ballowe, Mary, 1940‑1943
            Office of Experiment Stations – OES News, 1938
            Office of Experiment Stations – Office Rulings, 1934-1940 (3 folders)
            P GROUP (4 folders)
            Parr, Vernon, 1939‑1942
            Philosophy of Science Committee (USDA), 1939
            Project Statement Guidelines, 1908‑1939 and undated
            R GROUP

15        R GROUP (2 folders)
            Ranch Economics, 1925 (agricultural economics)
            Ranch Economics Course Taught by Youngblood, 1924
            Recipes, 1933‑1943
            Reece, Madge, 1931
            Reorganization of Federal Government, 1939‑1945
            Research Projects
                     Cotton Marketing, 1927
                     Farm Management, 1927
                     Marketing Farm Products, 1927
                     Miscellaneous Topics, 1927
                     National Problems for Cooperation, 1927
                     Rural Sociology, 1927

16                 Agricultural Economics, 1930
                     Review of World Agric Economic Research, 1930-1931
                     Classified List of Projects, 1931
                     Relations Between State Governments and Colleges, 1931
                     Rural Sociology, 1938
                     Publications Dealing With Farm Management, 1903‑1940, 1940
                     Examples of Research Conducted by Experiment Stations, 1945
                     Lack of Emphasis in Agricultural Economics Research in the US, 1948
                     Distribution of Various Types of Research, 1950
            Retirement Act, 1940‑1941
            Roque, Arturo, 1943‑1944
            Roth, Walter J., 1929-1940 (Soil Conservation Service, research, 2 folders)
            Rural Sociology, 1938-Apr 1949 (3 folders)

17        Rural Sociology, May 1949-1950 and undated (2 folders)
            Rural Sociological Adult Education in the US, 1929
            Rural Sociological Society, 1937-1950 (2 folders)
            S GROUP (6 folders)

18        Schulte, J., 1929‑1931
            Secretary's Report, 1938
            Sheep Dog for Southwestern Indians, 1937
            Smith, T. Lynn, 1934-1945 (rural sociology, 2 folders)
            Soil Conservation Service, 1936‑1942
            Soremouth Treatment, 1932 and undated
            Southern Sociological Society, 1938
            Southwestern Range and Sheep Breeding Laboratory (Navajo Indians)
                     Correspondence, 1934-1947 (4 folders)
                     Annual Reports, 1937-1939 (4 folders)
           
19                 Annual Reports, 1940, 1941-1945 (3 folders)
                     Printed Matter and Photographs, 1935‑1940 and undated
            Spanish War Veterans, 1937
            Stallings, J.H. 1929‑1932
            Standard Brands, Inc. 1943
            States Files
                     Alabama, 1929‑1941
                     Arizona, 1932-1939 (2 folders)
                     Arkansas, 1929-1941 and undated (3 folders)
                     California, 1931‑1935
                     Colorado, 1931‑1940
                     Connecticut, 1931‑1938

20                 Florida, 1929‑1939
                     Georgia, 1929‑1934
                     Idaho, 1930‑1941
                     Illinois, 1929‑1937 (Land Grant Colleges Committee on Research)
                     Indiana, 1929‑1937
                     Iowa, 1929‑1941
                     Kansas, 1932‑1940
                     Kentucky, 1929‑1941
                     Louisiana, 1929‑1941
                     Maine, 1931‑1937
                     Maryland, 1938‑1939
                     Massachusetts, 1931‑1937
                     Michigan, 1931‑1936
                     Minnesota, 1930‑1939
                     Mississippi, 1929-1939 (5 folders)

21                 Missouri, 1929‑1941
                     Montana, 1930‑1940
                     Nebraska, 1930‑1931
                     Nevada, 1932, 1940-1941 (Land Grant Colleges Committee on Research,
                              2 folders)
                     New Hampshire, 1931‑1938 and undated
                     New Jersey, 1931‑1936
                     New Mexico, 1930-1941 (rural sociology, 4 folders)
                     New York, 1929-1945 (rural sociology, Land Grant Colleges Committee on
                              Research 3 folders)
                     North Carolina, 1929‑1931

22                 North Carolina, 1932‑1941
                     North Dakota, 1929‑1941
                     Ohio, 1929‑1940 (rural sociology)
                     Oklahoma, 1929-1941 (3 folders)
                     Oregon, 1930‑1941
                     Pennsylvania, 1931‑1937
                     Puerto Rico
                              Correspondence, 1936-1941 (3 folders)
                              Descartes, S. L. 1938‑1941 and undated
                              Dominguez, F. A., 1937‑1939

23                          Lee, Atherton, 1937-1941 and undated (3 folders)
                              Photos, Maps
                              Soto, Juan B., 1937‑1939
                              Trip Miscellany
                     Rhode Island, 1931-1935 (2 folders)
                     South Carolina, 1929-1941 (2 folders)
                     South Dakota, 1930‑1941
                     Tennessee, 1929-1941 and undated (2 folders)
                     Texas, 1926-1936 (Texas Experiment Station, 3 folders)
           
24                 Texas, 1937‑1945 (3 folders)
                     Utah, 1932‑1937
                     Vermont, 1929‑1931
                     Virginia, 1930‑1941 (rural sociology)
                     Washington, 1929‑1941
                     West Virginia, 1932‑1941
                     Wisconsin, 1929-1939 (rural sociology, Navajo Indians, 3 folders)
                     Wyoming, 1930‑1941
            Statistical Service Sheets, 1941
            Stine, Oscar C. 1928‑1937
            Stippler, Heinrich H., 1930‑1931
            T GROUP

25        T GROUP (2 folders)
            Taubenhaus, J. J., 1929-1936 (2 folders)
            Tax Information, 1930‑1943
            Taylor, Carl C., 1929‑1941
            Texas, 1920‑1941
            Tolley, H. R. 1929‑1933
            Travel Authorizations, 1929‑1939
            Trips, 1929-1934 (6 folders, hotels)

26        Trips, 1935‑1941 (7 folders)

27        Trips, 1942‑1943 (2 folders)
            Tugwell, Rexford G. 1933‑1942
            U GROUP
            V GROUP
            W GROUP (6 folders)
            Ware, A. S., 1929‑1939

28        Ware, A. S., 1940‑1945
            Wilson, Milburn Lincoln, 1930-1942 and undated (2 folders)
            Wilson, Milburn Lincoln – Speeches, 1934-1938 (2 folders)
            Woods, Albert Fred, 1926-1932 and undated (cotton, 4 folders)
            Writings and Speeches
                     Farm Cost Accounting in the U.S., 1920
                     Carrying Capacity of the Ranges, 1921 (?)
                     Credit Needs of Cattlemen, 1921 (?)
                     Marketing of Ranch Products, 1921 (?)
                     Production of Stockers and Feeders in Texas, 1921 (?)
                     Commencement Address, State College of N. Mexico, May 29, 1924
                     Studies in Ranch Economics, Dec 30, 1925
                     Our Position in Cotton, July 1926
                     Fundamental Difficulty With American Cotton Grow, 1927 (?)
                     Our Position in the Cotton World, Jan 6, 1927
                     Shall Texas Sell Steers as Raw Material or Finished Product?, Jan 31, 1927
                     Reminiscent, Feb 1927
                     Cotton Culture and Marketing in the U.S., Aug 17, 1927
                     Research Program of the Division of Cotton    Marketing, Sep 1927
                     Domestic Mill Consumption of American Cotton by Grades and Staples,
                              Feb 1928
                     Balancing the Supply of Cotton With Consumption, Feb 1928
                     Adjusting the Quality of the Cotton Crop to Spinners’ Requirements, Feb 1, 1928
                     The Correlation of Research in Cotton Marketing, Feb 2, 1928
                     Research Program of the Div of Cotton Marketing, Apr 23, 1928

29                 The Spinning Utility of Cotton, Aug 5, 1928
                     Going to the Consumer of Cotton for a Clue to Productionh Oct 1, 1928
                     New Cotton Statistics on Grades and Staples, Oct 24, 1928
                     Taking Stock of Our Resources and Liabilities in Cotton, Nov 1928
                     Taking Stock of Our National Resources in Soils, Nov 20, 1928
                     Analysis of the Relation of Quality to the Price of Cotton, 1928
                     The Cowman and His Boys, 1929 (?)
                     Making the Most of Our Opportunities in Cotton, 1929 (?)
                     Quality Cotton for Larger Profits, 1929 (?)
                     What is the Trouble With American Cotton?, Jan 1929
                     Relation of Soil Fertility to Quality of Cotton, Feb 6, 1929
                     The Quality of Cotton and Market Demand, Feb 7, 1929
                     Less Cotton Production Not Answer, Apr 9, 1929
                     A New Era in the History of American Cotton, Aug 29, 1929
                     Hunting a Bigger Cotton Market, Sep 1929
                     Improve Grades and Staples of Delta Cotton, Sep 3, 1929
                     Quality Cotton for Larger Profits, Oct 1, 1929
                     Consumption of Cotton by Staple, Oct 15, 1929
                     Best Foreign Trade Demands Better Staple, Nov 1, 1929
                     The Market Viewpoint, Nov 7, 1929
                     The Market Viewpoint, Nov 8, 1929
                     Relation of Physical and Biological to the Social Sciences in Agricultural Research,
                              Nov 12, 1929
                     The Necessity for Better Correlation of Research Activities in the Field of
                              Agriculture, 1930 (?)
                     Researchers at State Stations Show How to Increase Net Incomes, 1930 (?)
                     Cotton Pests Eat Into Farm Incomes, Jan 1, 1930
                     Integration of Research and Extension for Progressive Agricultural Adjustments,
                               Dec 31, 1930
                     Ages‑Old Struggle for Rural Advancement, 1931 (?)
                     Agriculture's Challenge to Constructive Forces, 1931 (?)
                     Nation's Faith in Scientific Research, 1931 (?)
                     Nation's Investment in Scientific Research, 1931 (?)
                     Staple of American Cotton Can be Improved, 1931 (?)
                     Industrial Research, Mar 5, 1931
                     Battle of San Jacinto, Apr 22, 1931
                     What Youngsters Learn About the Business Aspects of Agriculture, as Grownups
                              They Will Know, Aug 1931
                     Ingenuity and Cotton, Mar 11, 1932
                     The Relation of Agricultural Research and Education to the National Welfare,
                              July 1932
                     Challenge to Rural Sociological Research
                              Correspondence, 1932-1934 (3 folders)
                              Draft and Final Copies, Nov 1932
                     Navajos, 1934
                     Research in the Edwards Plateau, 1936 (Texas)
                     Present Status of Rural Sociology in the South, Apr 1, 1937
                              Correspondence
                              Drafts of Presentation
                     Autobiography, Jan 29, 1938
                     Thirty Years of Experience With Sociologists, Sep 6, 1950
                     Buddhism, undated
                     The Method of Science, undated
                     Mountain Culture in Puerto Rico, undated
                     Scientifically Interesting Puerto Rico, undated
                     Relationship of the Social to the Physical and Biological Sciences, undated
                     Stopping Econ Waste in Livestock Industry, undated
                     List of Manuscripts Prepared in 1927‑1930
                     Outlines and Miscellany
            Y GROUP
            Yaupon, 1929-1941 and undated (4 folders)
            Yeary, W. B., 1929‑1943 (Farmer's Marketing Association of America, cotton)
            Youngblood, Bonney
                     Biographical Data
                     Doctoral Work
                              Course Notes, Exercises, etc.

31                                Critics of the Classical Economists
                                    Land Economics
                                    Socialism, Unionism, Anarchism (Amana Society)
                                    Statistics (2 folders)
                              Course Papers (3 folders)

32                          Course Papers (2 folders, wool marketing)
                              Exams, 1921
                              Thesis Outlines, Abstract, etc.
            Youngblood, Cornell 1937‑1939
            Youngblood Family Information, 1932‑1940
            Zimmerman, Carle C., 1929-1941 (rural sociology, 2 folders)
            Miscellaneous
            Duplicates

33        Duplicates

34        Texas Experiment Stations
                     Biographical Material
                              Miscellaneous
                              Alvord, Charles H.
                              Beach, S.A.
                              Beal, Walter Henry
                              Bizzell, W.B.
                              Boog‑Scott, J.E.
                              Brunk, Thomas L.
                              Carter, William Thomas
                              Cole, James Reid
                              Connaway, J.W.
                              Connell, J.H.
                              Conner, A.B.
                              Craig, John A.
                              McInnis, Louis Lowry
                              Mally, Fraederick W.
                              Marshall, F.R.
                              Martin, C.P.B.
                              Newell, Wilmon
                              Price, R. H.
                              Rogan, John Netherland
                              Ross, L.S.
                              Sanderson, Dwight

35                          Taubenhaus, Jacob J., 1937-1939 and undated (2 folders)
                              Tracy, S. M.
                              Trenckmann, William Andreas Fred.
                              Tutwiler, Henry, 1938-1943 (2 folders)
                              Tutwiler, Henry – Documents
                              Walton, T. O.
                              Wipprecht, Walter
                     Correspondence
                     Miscellaneous, 1935-1950 (2 folders)
                     Youngblood's Notes, 1936‑50 and undated

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