Manuscript Collections - James Spear Taylor Papers

Oct 18, 2021

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14 linear feet (32 LGA-S boxes)
Herbert Hoover Presidential Library


May 24, 1896.  Born in Rochester, New York. Son of William and Annie Taylor.

1917.  Ambulance driver for the American Field Service with the French Army on
            the Salonika front.

1919.  Graduated from Harvard University after interruptions for war service.

Apr 12-June 30, 1921. American Relief Administration clerk for Herbert Hoover.

1921-1934. Commerce Department, Division of Building and Housing, became Chief in 1928.
                        Chief, Division of Public Construction, 1930‑1933.

Oct 21, 1933. Married Helen Livingston Strauss in Washington, D.C.

1934-1941. Federal Housing Administration. Associate Director of Economics and Statistics.

1941-1944. War Production Board. Assistant Director Building Materials Division and Chief of
            the Program Section.

1944-1947. Retraining and Reemployment Administration, Chief of Program Division.

1948    Hoover Commission. Supervised a study of federal field services.

1948-1950. Economic Cooperation Administration. Petroleum specialist.

1950-1951. National Security Resources Board. Petroleum specialist, Office of Energy and

1951-1953. Defense Production Administration, Office of Defense Mobilization. Oil and gas
            specialist, Office of Program Requirements.

1953‑1959. Petroleum Economist consultant.


SUBJECT FILES, 1915‑1962 (boxes 1-23)
Files concerning Taylor's work as an economist in the areas of housing, construction, and oil and natural gas production. Materials include: correspondence, clippings, memoranda, reports, statistical data, photographs, and printed materials. Arranged alphabetically by subjects.

CORRESPONDENCE, 1910‑1962 (boxes 24-32)
Personal and social correspondence with friends and family. Arranged chronologically.




1          American Institute of Planners, 1935‑1944 and undated
            Articles and Speeches
                     Notes, 1920‑1927 and undated
                     Social Imagination in Statesmen, Apr 4, 1922
                     Zoning and its Meaning to the Home Owner, June 30, 1922
                     How to Own Your Own Home, 1923
                     Letter to the New York Times on the need for Economy in Government Spending,
                              July 1, 1923
                     Outline for a suggested Statement of Principles by the Republican Party,
                              Sep 5, 1923
                     Seasonal Operation in the Construction Industry, 1924
                     The Economic Organization of the U.S., July-Sep 1924
                     Construction and Construction Materials, 1925
                     How to Own Your Own Home, 1925
                     Letter to the New York Times on American Profits in the World War, Oct 30, 1925
                     Letter to The New Republic on Installment Buying, Apr 22, 1926
                     Letter to The New Republic on Enforcement Prohibition, May 20, 1926
                     Professional Standards in Speech Making, circa May 27, 1926
                     The Attitude of Government Employees Toward Their Work, Aug 11, 1926
                     To Patricia, 1927?
                     Letter to Atlantic Monthly Concerning Articles on Economics, Mar 8, 1927
                     What Woodrow Wilson Means to Me, Sep 30, 1927
                     Some Current Social Tendencies in The U.S., Oct 3, 1927
                     Radio Broadcasts, Oct 12, 1927
                     Why a National Presbyterian Church in Washington?, circa Jan 25, 1928
                     Christmas Dinner, 1931
                     Building Construction Marches On, Jan 5, 1932
                     Construction Cost Statistics, Dec 27, 1933
                     Stuyvesant Town, 1943
                     Letter to the New York Times on Sumner Welles' Resignation, Sep 28, 1943
                     Letter to Washington Star, Sep 26, 1944
                     Letter to the New York Times on Three Shift Operations, Nov 14, 1944
                     Letter to the Washington Post on the Coal Shortage, Feb 21, 1945
                     Letter to the New York Times on Incendiary Bombing of Japanese Cities,
                              May 31, 1945
                     Letter to the Editor of Time on Pearl Harbor, Sep 24, 1945
                     Letter to the Washington Post on the Full Employment Bill, Sep 27, 1945

2                   Social Scientists in Business and Government, 1947
                     American Merchant Marine in Congress, undated
                     Architecture and Housing, undated
                     Wanted: An Oliver Wendell Holmes for Radio, undated
                     City Planning Primer, undated
                     A Standard State Mechanics' Lien Law, undated
                     Letter to the New York Times on Wartime Manpower Shortage, undated
            Better Homes in America
                     Articles, 1923‑1932 and undated
                     Correspondence, 1923-1935 (4 folders)
                     Minutes and Reports, 1932-936 (4 folders)
                     Printed Matter, 1922-1936

3          Boy Scouts of America, 1924‑1933 and undated
            Commerce Department
                     General, 1920 – 1929 (10 folders)

4.                  General, 1930 – 1934 (5 folders)
                     Building and Housing Division – Monthly Reports, 1933‑1934
                     Cost of Building Materials, 1934
                     Miscellaneous Notes, 1934
            Economic Cooperation Administration
                     General, 1950
                     Report on Petroleum Products and Equipment, 1950
            Federal Housing Administration
                     Correspondence, 1934–1940 (4 folders)

5                   Correspondence, 1941–1944 (5 folders)
                     Bibliographies, 1935-1941 and undated
                     Building Materials, 1941 and undated
                     Building Permits
                              Comparison of Metropolitan Areas
                              Contract Awards, 1934‑1936 and undated
                              Construction Costs, 1933‑38
                              Construction Costs, undated
                     Construction Industry Report, 1939
                     Defense Industry Housing, 1940‑1941
                     Economic Data, 1940‑1941
                     Employment in Construction Industry, 1934‑1936
                     Foreclosures, 1923‑1934

6                   Insured Mortgage ortf lio Articles, 1937‑38 (2 folders)
                     Mississippi, 1936-1938
                     New York
                              Budget, 1939
                              Clippings, 1939‑1940
                              Correspondence, 1936‑1941
                              Reports, 1938-1941 and undated (2 folders)

7                            Source Data, 1939‑1940 and undated (3 folders)
                              Studies, 1939-1940 and undated (2 folders)
                     Redevelopment, 1931-1940 and undated (2 folders)
                     Reports and Special Studies, 1933‑1941 and undated

8                   Silver Star Home Committee, 1939‑1940 and undated
                     Standardization, 1934‑1940 and undated
                     Travel Records, 1935‑1941 and undated
            Federal Shipbuilding Company
                     General, 1918‑1921 and undated
                     Printed Matter, 1917‑1920
            Harvard University
                     Correspondence, 1915‑1962
                     Class Notes
                     Printed Matter
            Hill School, 1927‑1952
            Home for Incurables, 1937‑1953 and undated
            Honduras: Industrial Planning, 1961
            Hoover Commission, 1947‑1948 and undated
            Hoover Speeches

9          Housing – Printed Matter, 1930-1952 and undated (2 folders)
            Israel's Industrial Finances, 1960
            Morocco – Economic Survey, 1960
            National Business Survey Conference, 1929
            National Child Health Day, 1931 (ACHA)
            National Security Resources Board, 1950
            Office of Defense Mobilization, 1951-1953 and undated (3 folders)
            Oil and Gas Consultant
                     Correspondence, 1953‑1955

10                 Correspondence, 1956‑1962 and undated
                     Annual Reports
                              C – S (4 folders)

11                          U – W
                     Clippings. 1962
                     Crude Petroleum: Cost of Production, 1942‑1943
                     Electricity Reports, 1949-1960 (3 folders)
                     Federal Power Commission Reports, 1948‑1949

12                 Federal Power Commission Reports, 1950‑1957
                     Gasoline Hearings, 1924
                     Petroleum Resources Hearings, 1945‑1946
                     Petroleum Transportation Hearings, 1939, 1941 (2 folders)
                     Reports, 1953–1961 (3 folders)

13                 Reports, undated
                     Printed Matter, 1962, undated
                     Source Data, 1950‑1960 and undated
                     World Oil Production
                     Printed Matter, 1929‑1957

14                 Printed Matter, 1958‑1961 (2 folders)
            Oil Industry Hearings, 1939
            Public School Construction and Enrollment, 1956 and undated
            Retraining and Reemployment Administration
                     Correspondence, 1944–1945 (7 folders)

15                 Correspondence, 1946 (10 folders)
                     Interagency Committee on Statistics, 1945‑1947
                     Organization, 1945‑1947
                     Printed Matter
                     Reports, 1944‑1945

16                 Reports, 1946‑1947 and undated
            Shipping Policy and Trade, 1919 and undated
            Strauss, Joseph
            Tax Policy, 1824‑1932
            Taylor, James Spear
                     Biograhpical and Career Information, 1922‑1961 & undated
                     Letters to Mother, 1932
            Post Graduate Work, 1925‑1926
                     Wedding Clippings, 1933
                     Wedding Invitations (October 23, 1933)
                              Regrets (2 folders)
                     World War I Service, 1917
            Taylor/Gates Compilation
                     Correspondence and Memoranda, 1932-Jan 1933 (2 folders)

17                 Correspondence and Memoranda, Feb 1933-1934 (2 folders)
                     A – I  Master Memo and List of Sources of Information
                     A‑II‑1  State Department
                     A‑‑II‑2  Treasury Department
                     A‑II‑2B  Federal Farm Loan Board
                     A‑II‑3   War Department
                     A‑II‑4  Justice Department
                     A‑II‑5   Post Office Department
                     A‑II‑6   Navy Department
                     A‑II‑7   Interior Department
                     A‑II‑8   Agriculture Department
                     A‑II‑9   Commerce Department
                     A‑II‑11  Federal Mediation Board
                     A‑II‑12  Civil Service Commission
                     A‑II‑13  Federal Board for Vocational Education
                     A‑II‑14  Federal Farm Board
                     A‑II‑15  Federal Oil Conservation Board
                     A‑II‑16  Federal Power Commission
                     A‑II‑17  Federal Radio Commission
                     A‑II‑18  Federal Reserve Board
                     A‑II‑19  Federal Trade Commission
                     A‑II‑20  Interstate Commerce Commission
                     A‑II‑22  Public Buildings and Public Parks of the National Capitol
                     A‑II‑23  Reconstruction Finance Corporation
                     A‑II‑24  U.S. Tariff Commission
                     A‑II‑25  U.S. Shipping Board and Merchant Fleet Corporation
                     A‑II‑26  U.S. Veterans Administration
                     A‑II‑27  Inland Waterways Corporation
                     A‑II‑28  Home Loan Bank Board
                     A‑II‑29  Tax Appeals Board
                     A‑II‑30  District of Columbia
                     A‑III   Cross References
                     A‑IV‑1   Appointments
                     A‑IV‑2   Budget

18                 A‑IV‑3   President's Relations With Congress
                     A‑IV‑4   Business and Unemployment Relief
                     A‑IV‑5   Negroes
                     A‑IV‑6   Women
                     A‑IV‑7   Nongovernmental Activities
                     A‑VI    Classification of Legislation (2 folders)
                     A‑VII List of Simple Resolutions Passed by the Senate and the House of
                     A‑VIII Departmental Reports on Bills to the President
                     A‑IX  Congress: Committee Hearings
                     A‑X   Commissions and Committees (2 folders)
                     A‑XI  List of Subject in the President's Official File
                     A‑XII  List of Subjects in the President's Personal File

19                 A‑XIII List of the President's Speeches and Press Releases
                     A‑XIV  Executive Orders: Classified List
                     A‑XV  Reports and Publications Received
            Temporary National Economic Committee – Berle Memorandum, 1938
            Unions and Labor, 1924‑1929
            War Production Board
                     Correspondence, 1941-Feb 1943 (7 folders)

20                 Correspondence, Mar 1943-1944 (10 folders)
                     Organization, 1943‑1944
            White House Conferences on Child Health and Protection, 1930‑1932
            White House Conferemce on Home Building and Home Ownership – Reports of
                     Committees and SubCommittees, 1931‑1932

21        Photographs
            Printed Matter (2 folders)

22        Printed Matter
            Miscellaneous (3 folders)

23        Miscellaneous (2 folders)

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Box      Contents

24        Correspondence, 1910–May 1919 (10 folders)                    
25        Correspondence, June 1919–June 1925 (10 folders)

26        Correspondence, Aug 1925–Apr 1928 (8 folders)
27        Correspondence, May 1928–Mar 1931 (10 folders)

28        Correspondence, Apr 1931–May 1933 (12 folders)

29        Correspondence, June 1933–1935 (10 folders)
30        Correspondence, 1936–July 1944 (12 folders)
31        Correspondence, Aug 1944–1960 (12 folders)
32        Correspondence, 1961–1962, undated (4 folders)

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