Manuscript Collections - Frank E. Mason Papers

March 13, 2020

We're sorry. Due to the coronavirus public health emergency, the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library & Museum will be closed to the public beginning March 14th until further notice. We will continue to respond to written requests for records at hoover.library@nara.gov. Please check our website or archives.gov/coronavirus  for updates on our operating hours and status.

 

FRANK E. MASON PAPERS, 1909-1979
17 linear feet, 2 linear inches (38 manuscript boxes, 2 oversized boxes)
Herbert Hoover Presidential Library

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

Frank E. Mason's life spanned several interesting careers which are only partially documented in the papers he donated to three manuscript repositories. The State Historical Society of Wisconsin received papers concerning his broadcasting career as an NBC executive (1931‑45) and his services as a special assistant for public relations to Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox during World War II. Papers concerning his earlier career as a newspaper executive (1920‑31) with the International News Service and his dispatches on the occupation policies of the Allied military government in 1945‑47 were presented to the Hoover Institution in 1955.

The Hoover Presidential Library has also received materials related to all of these activities‑‑as reflected in correspondence, telephone logs and Mason's diaries. The Library was also the recipient of Mason's files concerning his service as a regimental intelligence officer and intelligence school instructor in World War I. Mason felt that the war was a pivotal period in his life for it led to important assignments for General Pershing after the Armistice, brought him to the attention of William Randolph Hearst and ultimately led to a successful career as a newspaper and broadcasting executive.

Mason's long friendship with Herbert Hoover, and the services he performed for the "Chief" as a public relations advisor and literary executor, are the principal focus of the papers Mason donated to the Hoover Presidential Library. Diaries and correspondence with Hoover and Mason's wife Ellen (1945‑47) provide interesting observations concerning early Allied occupation policies.

While he was in Europe Mason also acted as a collector of manuscripts, records and rare books for the Hoover Institution. His main coup was the discovery and preservation of a large portion of the diaries of Joseph Goebbels. This led to a prolonged fight with the Office of Alien Property which sought to block its publication by Mason and his associates.

Mason's dispatches, coupled with his contacts and experience in both public relations and in dealing with the military, no doubt influenced Hoover's decision to select Mason as one of his principal assistants during Hoover's 1946 survey of the world food supply situation. (The other aide was former ambassador Hugh Gibson.) Mason's diary and chatty "Dear Julius" letters to Hoover's friend Julius Klein contain a wealth of information concerning the politics of relief during the postwar period.

After the famine survey trip the Hoover‑Mason relationship gradually matured as Mason became one of Hoover's most‑trusted advisors. In the late 1940's Mason enlisted the assistance of Neil MacNeil, assistant managing editor of the New York Times, in breaking the apparent press boycott on reporting news about Hoover.  Once the Times printed a Hoover story or statement, the others could no longer ignore it. When Hoover began looking for a publisher for his memoirs it was only natural to turn to Mason whose talents as an agent and advisor eventually led to his becoming, along with MacNeil, one of Hoover's literary executors.  After the creation of the Hoover Presidential Library, Mason's advice was frequently solicited in connection with the development of the Library and its programs.
FOLDER LIST

SUBJECT FILES

Box      Contents

1          A GROUP, 1973
            Addresses, Christmas List, 1962‑1980
            Air Force Unification, 1943, undated
            Atomic Energy
            Austin, Paul, 1973
            Author's Fund, 1978
            B GROUP, 1943‑1972
            Beard on Foreign Policy, 1971‑1972
            Berlin, 1919‑1926
            Best, Gary Dean, 1971
            Biographies, undated
            Blumenson, Martin, 1976
            Books for Libraries, Inc., 1971‑1975
            Brophy, Ralph M. and Marge, 1971‑1984
            Brown Ella, 1968-1976, undated (2 folders)
            Burdick, Charles B. 1974‑1975 (2 folders)
            Burner, David, 1970‑1976 (2 folders)
            C GROUP, 1968‑1975
            Callaghan, Horace, 1957‑1969
            Campaign of 1932 – Smears: Raskob Apology
            Campaign of 1964

2          Campbell, Glenn, 1961-1975 (3 folders)
            Campbell, Glenn and Rita, 1974‑1977
            Capper, Raymond – Articles, 1943‑1944
            Central Intelligence Agency, 1946‑1948
            Christmas Cards and Letters
            Clarke, Carter, 1968‑1978
            Colegrove, Kenneth, 1968‑1975
            Colegrove, Psyche, 1973‑1978
            Columbia Oral History Program, 1974
            Considine, Bob, 1968‑1973
            Cox, Martha and Richard, 1972‑1975

3          D GROUP
            deToledano, Ralph, 1970
            Dressel, Ellis Loring
            E GROUP
            Ecker, Frederick H., 1954‑1964
            Ecker, Frederick W., 1964
            Eggleston, George, 1978
            Elmiger, Ginette, 1955
            Entertainment: Guests, 1938‑1941, undated
            Estes, Bille Sol, 1962
            European Newsreel Project, 1939, undated
            F GROUP
            Famine Relief Survey
                  General, 1945-1946, undated (2 folders)
                  Clippings 1946
                  Dear Julius Letters, 1946-1947 (4 folders)
                  Hoover Statements and Press Conferences, 1946
?                Pate Diary
            Fararr, Fred, 1966-1973 (2 folders)

4          Fararr, Fred, 1974‑1975
            Faymonville, Phillip, 1975‑1977
            Fellers, Bonner, 1966‑1968, undated
            Fergurson, Horner and Myrtle, 1965‑1977, undated
            Fellers, Bonner, 1942
            Fireside Press, 1946, undated
            Foley, William T., 1967-1979 (4 folders)
            Food for Small Democracies, 1970
            Frick, Helen C., 1959‑1971
            G GROUP
            Gardner, Richard L., 1974‑1975
            Germany
                  Correspondence and Memoranda, 1945-1946 (5 folders)

5                Articles by Frank Mason, 1945, undated (3 folders)
                  Military Government, 1945, undated
                  Miscellaneous, 1945‑1946, undated
                  Photos, 1945
                  War Crimes Trials, 1945
            Gibson, Hugh, 1945‑1974, undated
            Goebbels Diaries
                  Clippings, 1948‑1950
                  Correspondence, 1947-1950, undated (8 folders)
                  Miscellaneous, 1948‑1977, undated (2 folders)

6                Statement before Senate Judiciary Committee on June 15, 1950 (5 folders)
                  Statement by Frank E. Mason, 1950
            H GROUP
            Hauser, Louis & Linda, 1971‑1975
            Heimlick, William F. 1971‑1979, undated
            Henry, John M., 1972-1976 (4 folders)
            Herbert Hoover Foundation, 1967-1979 (2 folders)
            Herbert Hoover Presidential Library
                  General, 1968‑1970

7                General, 1971-1977 (2 folders)
                  Flemish Cabinet
                  Printed Matter
            Herbert Hoover Presidential Library Association, 1954-1972, undated (9 folders)

8          Herbert Hoover Presidential Library Association, 1972-1978 (2 folders)
            Hickock, Guy and Andree, 1929‑1981, undated
            Hitler Plots, 1946
            Hoover, Allan, 1965-1975 (7 folders)
            Hoover, Herbert
                  General, 1940-1962 (18 folders)

10              General, 1963-1965, undated (2 folders)
                  Article and Speeches, 1944-1962, undated (4 folders)
                  Biographical Sketch
                  Birthday Celebrations, 1954‑1974
                  Book by Hugh Gallagher, 1974
                  Bust of Herbert Hoover, 1967‑68
                  Campaign of 1964: Observations
                  Clippings
                  Famine Relief Survey
                        General, 1946-1947, undated (2 folders)
                        Requests for Assistance
                  Illnesses
                  Miscellaneous
                  Miss Hill Correspondence, 1892‑1895
                  National Cyclopedia of America Biography, 1973‑1975

11              Photographs and Portraits
            Hoover, Herbert Jr., 1966‑1969
            Hoover, Lou Henry
                  General, 1941
                  Biography of Lou Henry Hoover 1966 (2 folders)
            Hoover Book by Lewis L. Strauss, 1971‑1975
            Hoover Books
                  American Epic, 1959‑1960
                  American Individualism, 1967‑1971
                  Copyrights, 1964‑1970 and undated
                  Doubleday & Company, 1968‑1970
                  Fishing for Fun
                  Magnum Opus
                  Memoirs
                        Correspondence, 1950-1976 (4 folders)
                        Promotion, 1952
                  Miscellaneous
                  Ordeal of Woodrow Wilson, 1972
                  Scribners, 1969‑1970
            Hoover China Plate Proposition, 1972
            Hoover Commissions, 1949
            Hoover File on the Masons, 1941‑1946

12        Hoover File on the Masons, 1947‑1950, undated
            Hoover Institution
                  Advisory Board, 1960-1970 (2 folders)
                  Board of Overseers, 1970-1979 (7 folders)
                  Collecting Activities of Frank Mason, 1945-1962 (4 folders)

13              Dedication of Herbert Hoover Room – Responses from Dignitaries, 1965
                  General, 1949-1984, undated (3 folders)
                  Manuscripts Donated by Mason, 1970-1972, undated (2 folders)
                  New Left Summaries, 1969-1972 (4 folders)
                  Report by K. Colegrove, 1960
                  Resolution of Thanks for Services, 1980
            Hoover Oral History Project
                  General, 1966-1971 (3 folders)
                  Anthony Interview, 1970
                  Mason Interview, 1966‑1968
            Howard, Jack R., 1971‑1976
            Howard, Roy, 1944‑1959
            Humor

Top of Page

14        International News Service
                  General, 1920-1931, undated (3 folders)
                  Anecdotes, 1966‑1971
                  Business Improvement, 1927‑1931
                  Koenigsberg Incident, 1928
                  Mason's Resignation, 1931
            Irwin, James W., 1973‑1977
            J GROUP
            Johnson, Harold K., 1969
            Jordan, Max, 1969‑1977
            K GROUP
            Kean, Robert Winthrop, 1968‑1979
            Kirk, Neville T. and Carol, 1926-1970 (2 folders)

15        Kirk, Neville T. and Carol, 1971-1979, undated (7 folders)
            Knox, Frank, 1927‑1943
            L GROUP
            Lewis, Bond, 1973‑1976, undated
            Lindsay, Franklin and Dodie, 1975‑1977, undated
            Lusitania Sinking, 1919‑1974
            M GROUP

16        McCarty, John T., 1971‑1972
            McBee, Dorothy H., 1965‑1967
            MacNeil, Neil, 1964-1968 (2 folders)
            Magnum, Opus, 1976‑1977
            Mason, Carol, 1930‑1936 and undated
            Mason, Caroline, 1967‑1972
            Mason, Cora Tussing, 1918‑1926
            Mason, Ellen, 1936-1978, undated (5 folders)
            Mason, Frank. E.
                  Articles and Speeches
                  Biographical Material
                  Donation of Papers to Hoover Presidential Library
                  Estate
                  Financial, 1927‑1960 and undated
                  Funeral, etc.
                  Military Service: Inter‑War Years
                  World War II Service Records
            Mason, Robert T., 1946
            Mason, Virginia, 1973

17        Mason Family History, 1921‑1988, undated
            Michaela, J. A., 1946
            Milbank, Jeremiah
                  General, 1955-1967, undated (5 folders)
                  Inflation Fighters 1958‑1959, undated
            Milbank, Jeremiah Jr., 1957‑1976, undated
            Milbank, Katherine, 1964‑1966, undated
            Miller, Walter L., 1970‑1972
            Minthorn House
            Moley, Raymond, 1967‑1975
            Monahan, James, 1966‑1975
            Morrill, Lewis, 1973‑1976
            Moynihan, Arthur, 1972‑1977, undated
            Moley, Raymond, 1974‑1975
            Morgenthan Plan, 1944
            N GROUP
            National Broadcasting Company, 1939-1976 (2 folders) [31-mason-b17-f21-nbc]
            Naval Reserve Controversy, 1943 1944, undated
           
18        Navy Service in World War II
                  Correspondence, 1941-1943 (12 folders)

19              Correspondence, 1944, undated (3 folders)
                  Coordinator of Information, 1941‑1942
                  Elk Hills Contract, 1943
                  Office of Public Relations
                        Radio Section, 1941‑1942
                        Telephone Messages, 1941 (4 folders)

20                    Telephone Messages, 1942-1943 (3 folders)
                  OWI Meetings, 1942
                  Resignation from Navy, 1944
                  Role of FEM
            New York WPA Project
            Nixon, Richard M.
            O GROUP (2 folders)
            Ohio State School of Journalism, 1973‑1975, undated
            Ohio State University, 1977
            Old Oaks
            O'Neill, James F., 1969‑1975
            Osmun, Russell, 1944‑1945
            P GROUP
            Patton, George S., 1943-1945 (2 folders)
            Pearl Harbor, 1953, 1975-1977 (2 folders)
            Permission to Quote Hoover Materials, 1964-1966 (5 folders)

21        Permission to Quote Hoover Materials, 1967-1979 (11 folders)
            Personal Correspondence D‑N and unidentified
            Photographs (3 folders)
            Pihl, Paul, 1965‑1969
            Polish Elections of 1947
            Postwar Plans for the Pacific, 1944
            Presidential Candidiates Poll, 1959
            R GROUP
            Reagan, Ronald, 1975
            Regnery, Henry, 1973, 1975 (2 folders)
            Robinson – Bornet Book, 1954-1975, undated (3 folders)
            Roosevelt, Archibald B., 1973‑1975, undated
            Roosevelt and Browder, 1957
            Roosevelt Myth Draft
            S GROUP
            Screenwriters Guild
            Second Division Association, 1935-1974 (3 folders)

23        Second Division Association, 1974‑1978
            Senators at Large, 1947‑1948
            Short Snorter
            Smith, Ralph C., 1970-1979, undated (2 folders)
            Stahlman, James G., 1939-1976 (5 folders)
            Starr, Richard F., 1971-1976, undated (2 folders)
            Strauss, Lewis L., 1945-1977 (2 folders)
            Tenney, G.E., 1973‑1975
            Thalken, Tom, 1970‑1978
            Thomas, Lowell, 1931‑1981
            Toland, John, 1976
            Tong Chu, Elsie, 1964

24        Travel Articles by Mason, 1959‑1960, undated
            Trevor, Alexander B., 1970‑1972
            Trevor, John B., Jr., 1969-1979 (2 folders)
            Trips
                  Zeppelin, 1919
                  South Pacific, 1944
                  Europe, 1962
                  Europe, 1966
            Truman, Harry S., 1968‑1974
            V GROUP
            Vedrine Family, 1971‑1979, undated
            Viet Nam, 1971
            Von Wiegand, Karl, 1925-1961, undated (4 folders)

25        W GROUP
            Walker, Louis Carlise, 1956‑1960
            Wedemayer, Albert Coady, 1947-1979, undated (3 folders)
            Weiss, Donald B., 1961‑1987, undated
            Wisemen Group, 1966‑1977
            Wisconsin State Historical Society, 1962‑1975
            Witmer, Dottie, 1972‑1976, undated
            Wood, Donald J., 1972
            World War I
                  Chateau‑Thierry Map
                  Commendations, etc., 1918‑1943
                  Discharge and Misc.
                  Intelligence Gathering Instructions, 1918‑1930
                  Intelligence School
                        Correspondence, Orders, etc., 1917‑1919
                        Course Handouts, etc.
                        Diary

26                    Lectures (2 folders)
                        Lists of Students and Instructors
                        Miscellaneous
                        Report ‑ 84th Division
                        Training Schedules
                  Intelligence Summaries, May-Nov 1918 (4 folders)
                  Military Attache Reports, 1919, undated (2 folders)
                  Propaganda
                  Scrapbook
                  Souvenirs
            World War II - Psychological Warfare
            Writers Board: "The Thought Police," 1946
            Yarnell, H. E., 1943‑1944, undated
            Yeager, Naomi, 1968‑1976
            Yeaton, Ivan Downes, 1974

27        Yeaton, Ivan Downes, 1975-1978, undated (2 folders)
            Unidentified
            Memorabilia
            Miscellaneous (2 folders)
            Printed Matter
            Autographs: Mason Guest Book
            Germany: Clippings and Printed Matter, 1945‑1946

DIARIES

28        Diaries, 1909-1950 (7 folders)

29        Diaries, 1951-1963 (2 folders)

30        Diaries, 1964-1973

31        Diaries, 1974-1979
            Diaries of Ellen Mason, 1931-1942 (2 folders)

32        Diaries of Ellen Mason, 1949-1976 (6 folders)

33        Diaries: Trips
                  Trip to Germany, Aug‑Oct 1945
                  Famine Survey Trip, 1946
                  European Trips, 1954-1966, undated (3 folders)

34        Photographs

35        Photographs

36        Photographs

BOOKS

37        Books

38        Books

OVERSIZED
39        No. 1, 1934-1941. New York newspaper clippings about: Cinderella balls, women’s
                   issues, articles about Mrs. Frank E. Mason-aid to society, green ball program, horse
                  show clippings, Frank and wife fly the Dixie Clipper to Europe, champagne ball
                  program. Some photographs
            No. 2, 1922-1940. Newspaper clippings and articles about: Mason becoming head of the
                  International News Service, phone service linking ships, media, news, radio, VP of
                  National Broadcasting Company, radio advertisers, agencies, and NBC News. Some
                  photographs

40        NBC Scrapbook, 1941–1944. Newspaper clippings about: Mason and Navy radio
                  publicity, club women, war news.
            Photographs of: Frank and Ellen Mason, the yacht Cora Lee, and wedding photographs
                  with Hoover.

Top of Page