Manuscript Collections - Verne Marshall Papers

March 13, 2020

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VERNE MARSHALL PAPERS, 1865-1965
8 linear feet, 9 linear inches (15 manuscript boxes, 5 oversize boxes)
Herbert Hoover Presidential Library

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

Verne Marshall was born on August 30, 1889. He married Frances Durand Fiske on April 21, 1919 and they had four children. Frances died in 1928 and Marshall married Clementine Robichaux on May 21, 1932 and had two children.

In 1916 Marshall became an ambulance driver with the French army. He returned home and joined the Army as a War Bond drive speaker on the home front.

He took over the editor position at the Cedar Rapids Gazette from his father in 1932. In 1936 Marshall won the Pulitzer Prize for his investigation into graft in Iowa.

He formed the No Foreign Wars committee in 1939, which ended in early 1941 when Marshall became ill. He retired from the Gazette due to his illness. Marshall later wrote for the Sentinel newspaper. Verne Marshall died on March 25, 1965.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

The papers of Verne Marshall are divided into five series:

CORRESPONDENCE, 1929-1948 (1 box) Arranged alphabetically by name.

SUBJECT FILES, 1920-1947 (3 boxes) The series includes biographical material, newspaper clippings, articles, statements, speeches, and invitations. Topics include: the 1936 presidential campaign, World War I, Pearl Harbor, and the Pulitzer Prize. Arranged alphabetically by topic. 

GRAFT IN IOWA FILES, 1929-1940 (4 boxes) The series includes investigation reports, legal documents and trial information pertaining to the investigations into liquor, gambling, and the University of Iowa. Arranged alphabetically by name or subject. 

NO FOREIGN WAR COMMITTEE FILES, 1940-1941 (3 boxes) The series contains statements, speeches, the debate with William Allen White, and correspondence. Arranged chronologically. 

NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS, 1865-1965 (4 boxes) The series contains newspaper clippings and scrapbooks. Topics include graft in Iowa, Verne Marshall, World War 2, the 1938 election, poplitics, and baseball. Arranged chronologically.

FOLDER LIST

BOX    CONTENTS

1          Correspondence
                     Chamberlain, William, 1938-1940
                     Cole, Wayne S., 1948
                     Dewey, Thomas E., 1939
                     Gillette, Guy M., 1938-1940
                     Gottesfeld, Samuel, 1948
                     Hadley, Ed, 1934-1940
?                   Haynes, Glenn C.,
                     Hickenlooper, Bourke B., 1945
                     Hoover, Herbert, 1929-1933
                     Landon, Alfred M., 1936-1941
                     Miscellaneous Correspondents
                     Pitkin, Walter B., 1938-1939
                     Pryor, Samuel F., 1940
?                   Willkie, Wendell,

2          Subject Files
?                   Cedar Rapids Gazette,
                     Condolences on Death of Harry L. Marshall, 1932
                     Dairy and Food Commission Expose, 1920-1921
                     William Rhodes Davis Peace Mission 1939
                     Defenders of the Constitution of USA 1941
?                   Diamond, Tobias E.,
?                   Election of 1940.
?                   Hoover, Herbert.
                     Invitations to Speak 1934-1940
                     MacNider, Hanford, 1940
?                   March of Time Film,

?3                 Marshall Biographical Material,
?                   Marshall Family
?                   Parker Appointment by Hoover
                     Pearl Harbor Articles 1945-1947
                     Pulitzer Prize, 1936 (2 folders)
                     State Mental Hospital Conditions, 1939
                     Statements and Speeches by Verne Marshall
                              Wichita, Kansas, Sep 7, 1936
                              WTTO, Des Moines, Oct 20, 1936
                              Coliseum, Oct 28, 1936
                              WMT Radio, Oct 29, 1936
                              Fort Dodge, Iowa, Oct 30, 1936
?                            Nov 1, 1936
                     Statement – Cedar Rapids, Oct 28, 1938
                     Statement – GOP National Convention, 1940
                    
4                   Tugwell, Rexford G. – Speeches, 1933-1935 (3 folders)        
                     World War I Service of Marshall (2 folders)

5          Graft in Iowa Files
                     Barnes, Don, 1936-1940 (lawyer)
                     Baltin, John 1935
?                   Duckworth, Max E.,
?                   Correspondence – Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI),
?                   Correspondence,
?                   Correspondence – Legal and Legislative,
?                   Correspondence – Trial,
?                   Grand Jury Exhibits,
?                   Herring, Clyde,

?6                 Ickes, Harold,
?                   Investigators – Correspondence,
?                   Investigators – Evidence gathered by FME and WHL
?                   Investigators – HM Havner
?                   Koob,
?                   Kraschel and Beh Cases
?                   Legal Documents
?                   Letters of Thanks
?                   Liquor Control Commission, State of Iowa

?7                 Proposed Investigations
?                   Public Reaction to Radio address on Graft Oct. 20 1936
?                   Radio Station WHO
?                   Slot Machines – Trial Information and Correspondence
?                   Things of Interest
?                   Trial of JM Conway 1934
?                   Trial of Harold M. Cooper
?                   E.S. White Correspondence

?8                 University of Iowa – Burns Detective Agency
?                   University of Iowa – Communism and Socialism
?                   M. L. McKinley Correspondence, Mar 21, 1929- Apr 13, 1933
?                   M. L. McKinley Letters to Self, Legal Tips
?                   University of Iowa – Presidency, 1940 (Virgil Hancher)
?                   M. L. McKinley Correspondence
?                   Legal Documents
?                   Research

  1.             No Foreign Wars Committee Files

         Press Releases – Index
                     1. Conception and policy of No Foreign Wars Committee
                     2. Biographies of Marshall, Lancaster and Armstrong
                     3. Telegram challenging William Allen White to debate
                     4. Answer to White’s claim his committee has no war aims
                     5. Christmas day statement against Foreign War
                     6. Anticipating Roosevelt’s Fireside chat
                     7. Answer to Margolin’s PM attack
                     8. Reply to 150 prominent signers of telegram to Roosevelt
                     9. American must be awakened by C.B, Kelland
                     10. Challenge to Roosevelt to publicize agenda
                     11. Agenda statement by William Rhodes Davis
                     12. Defense of Davis
                     13. List of senators and congressmen after Jan 3, 1941
                     14. CBS broadcast Jan 1, 1941
                     15. Report on contributions.
                     16. Reply to critics of William Rhodes Davis
                     17. Reply to Charles Quinn on R.G. Reynolds loan
                     18. Challenge on names on Marshall’s wire to President
                     19. Verne Marshall’s town meeting on the air script
                     20. Verne Marshall’s town meeting on the air script- rebuttal
                     21. Reply to Roosevelt’s request for more power
                     22. Announcement of Jan 12, 1941 broadcast
                     23. Reply to Birkhead telegram
                     24. Script of Jan 21, 1941 NBS
                     Statement on Radio Broadcast, Jan 21, 1941
                     25. Reply to NFWC Anti-Semitic Charges
                     26. Announcement to subpoena service
                     27. Statement on Receipts by Robert A. Lancaster
                     28. Announcement of National organization structure
                     29. New England Town Meeting of the Air Jan 16, 1941
                     30. Terms of HR 1776
                     31. Speakers Bureau Blank
                     32. Protest of March of Time Film
                     33. A Statement by Former Senator
                     Statement of American Mothers Neutrality League
                     34. Requisition Blank
                     35. Reply to Roosevelt’s Inaugural address
                     36. Letter to Parke Chamberlain
                     37. Radio Article Women against War
                     38. Report on Campus Poll by Mark Richelsen, Jan 23, 1941
                     39. Duke Chronicle report on Northwestern University and Minnesota University
                              by J. Kelsey Burr
                     40. Letter to college editors by J. Kelsey Burr
                     41. Northwestern University poll by Mark Richelsen
                     42. What Women think of war by Helen Walker Homan
                     43. Keep out of war by Helen Walker Homan
                     44. Verne Marshall charges hypocrisy in Lend-Lease bill
                     Statement – WHO Radio Des Moines, Jan 28, 1941
                     45. Report on campus polls by Quadland
                     46. Aid to Britain means vast debt for America
                     47. Radio report on campus polls by Mark Richelsen
                     48. Letters to colleges on Bill 1776 by J. Kelsey Burr
                     49. Verne Marshall hits camouflage in Bill 1776
                     50. Verne Marshall states that negotiated peace flawed
                     51. Fox Fur received from Alaska
                     52. Notes on address delivered by George Dyson Friou
                     53. Notice of senator Capper radio talk
                     54. Colonel Foster- Bannon to discuss Bill HR 1776
                     55. Verne Marshall answers United Americans
                     56. Marshall charges contradictory London stories                  
                     57. Discussion at American Labor Club Bronx
                     58. Announcement of meeting in Philadelphia
                     Statement – Philadelphia, Feb 12, 1941
                     59. Announcement of Armenian meeting
                     60. List of congressmen who voted against HR 1776
                     61. Marshall’s Home Anti-War Rally
                     62. John J. O’Connor speaks in New Jersey
                     63. Which Way America? By George Friou
                     64. Marshall refers to Wallace’s speech Feb. 22, 1941
                     Statement, Feb 22, 1941
                     65. Broadcast by Senator Capper on Lend-Lease                   
                     66. Verne Marshall calls bill 1776 muscle in bill on labor
                     67. Publicity on Passaic Meeting
                     Statements and speeches, undated

10        No Foreign Wars Committee
?                   Information about Committee,
                     Petition to Roosevelt, Dec 27- 28, 1940
?                   Cards
                     Letters of thanks, congrats and poems, undated
                     Letters of thanks, congrats and poems, Dec 1940
                     Letters of thanks, congrats and poems, Jan 1941

11                 Letters of thanks, congrats and poems, Feb 1941
                     Letters of thanks, congrats and poems, Apr 1941
                     Criticism and Advice to Verne Marshall
                     General Correspondence, Nov 1940-Feb 1941
                     Arthur Lowe
                     Newspaper Clippings, Dec 1940-Feb 1941
                     Bill HR 1776, Jan 10, 1941-Feb 25, 1941
                     Mass Meetings
                     Advertisement
                     Letters to Senators and Presidents
                     Marshall’s failing health, ending of Committee, 1941-1942
                     William Allen White, Correspondence, 1934-1940
                     William Allen White v. Verne Marshall, Nov 26, 1940

12        Newspaper Clippings
                     Lincoln Assassination, New York Herald, Apr 16, 1865
                     First Issue, Cedar Rapids Evening Gazette, Jan 1, 1883
                     Marshall’s First Editorial, Cedar Rapids Evening Gazette, Feb 7, 1914
                     War in Europe, New York Times, Sep 29, 1918
                     History of Cedar Rapids, Cedar Rapids Evening Gazette, May 23, 1925
                     Clippings, 1927 -1935 (13 folders)
                    
13                 Clippings, 1936-1940 (27 folders)
                    
14                 Clippings, 1941-1944 (30 folders)

15                 Clippings, 1945-1965 and undated (24 folders)

(Boxes 16-20 oversized)

16        Iowa University Probe, 1930-1932. Articles by Verne, graft investigations.
                     Complied by Lavon Duttweiler

17        Scrapbook (large). Cedar Rapids Gazette – Graft File, 1934-1935. Cooper, gambling,
                     liquor, slot machines.
            Scrapbook. Cedar Rapids Gazette – Graft File, 1936. Liquor case, Pulitzer Prize.

18        Scrapbook (large). Sioux City Journal, Des Moines Tribune, 1935-1936. Graft, Verne,
                     Duckworth, gambling, liquor
            Scrapbook. Des Moines Register, Des Moines Tribune, 1935-1936. Liquor, Cooper,
                     Duckworth, graft, Herring, slot machines
            Scrapbook. Cedar Rapids Gazette, 1937-1939. Wilson Campaign, 1938 election,
                     government, liquor case

19        Scrapbook. New York Herald Tribune, New York American, New York Times,
                     Chicago Tribune, and Iowa papers, 1936-1938. Personal scrapbook, baseball,
                              Roosevelt, Marshall, government, graft case
            Scrapbook About Marshall, 1935-1936. Graft, legislation, liquor, gambling
            Scrapbook. Cedar Rapids Gazette and Iowa Papers, 1935-1939. Lawsuit by Cooper,
                     liquor board. Articles by Marshall and Duckworth

20        Scrapbook. Cedar Rapids Gazette, 1938-1940. Roosevelt, Nazis, politics, anti-war,
                     national defense
            Scrapbook. First Issue of Cedar Rapids Gazette and Marion Sentinel,
                     Oct 8, 1953 - Apr 11, 1956. Politics, Henderson death
            Framed picture of James Farley (Roosevelt’s Campaign manager)
            Poster of Verne Marshall with Marion Sentinel staff

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