Manuscript Collections - Edward Dana Durand

March 13, 2020

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2 linear feet, 6 linear inches (5 manuscript boxes)
Herbert Hoover Presidential Library


Edward Dana Durand was born in 1871 in Romeo, Michigan and earned a Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1896. Durand served as the Director of the Bureau of the Census from 1909-1913. He taught statistics and agricultural economics at the University of Minnesota from 1913-1917. In 1917 he served in the US Food Administration, mainly in Europe, and was adviser to food minister of Poland. Durand worked for the Commerce Department and the Tariff Commission.


The papers of Edward Dana Durand are arranged in two series:

PROFESSIONAL FIILES contains speeches, articles, and membership files. Also contains files related to his work as Chief Economist and Commissioner of the US Tariff Commission.

PERSONAL FILES contains family correspondence and memorabilia. Arranged alphabetically by type of material.



Box      Contents
1          Addresses and Statements
                     Poland’s Economic Future, 1921
                     Economic and Political Effects of Governmental Interference, 1926
                     The Scope of Economic Statistics in the U.S., 1928
                     Careers in the Federal Service for the Economist and Statistician, 1931                   
                     The Relation of Science to Economic Progress, 1932
                     Currency Depreciation, 1933
                     Raw Materials in Wartime, 1947
            American Statistical Association, 1930-1959
            Appointments to Offices and Posts
            Apportionment, Report to the House of Representatives by Walter F. Wilcox, 1954
            Census, Recommendations by Durand, 1930-1948
            Commerce Department, Consolidation of Statistical Work
            Inter-American Statistical Institute, 1940-1959 (2 folders)
            International Labor Organization, 1947-1954
            League of Nations Statistical Experts Committee, 1931-1934, 1937-1946 (2 folders)

2          London Economic Conference, 1933
            National Resources Committee, 1936-1937
            Professional Correspondence, 1918-1925
            Trade Agreements
                     Anti Dumping Act, 1940
                     Canada, 1936-1945
                     Cuba, 1950-1957
                     Preferences to the US possessions and Cuba, 1943
                     Preferences to the United Kingdom (Lend-Lease), 1941-1943 (3 folders)

3                   Preferences to the United Kingdom (Lend-Lease), 1944
                     Post War Impact, 1940-1945
                     Smoot-Hawley Tariff Bill, 1930
                     War Emergency controls, 1939-1940 and undated
                     Writing fragments, undated
            US Tariff Commission, 1930-1934, 1936-1944, 1949-1950 and undated (4 folders)
            US Tariff Commission – Operations of Trade Agreements Program, 1948

4          Writing
                     The Incomes of American Families, in The Youth’s Companion, Mar 7, 1912
                     Immigration in the Light of the Census, in The Youth’s Companion, Jan 9, 1913
                     Kiev of the Vicissitudes (unpublished), May-June 1920
                     Is America Civilized? (unpublished), 1920-1921
                     The Future of Central Europe, in Atlantic, March 1921
                     The Trust Problem in the U.S., by Eliot Jones, Review for Quarterly Journal of
                              Economics, 1921
                     Census of Manufacturers (unpublished), 1923
                     America’s Biggest Blessing - Bigness (unpublished) 1923
                     American Industry and Commerce. Boston: Ginn and Company, 1930
                     The Business Depression: Its Principal Causes and Measures for Checking
                              Repetition, (unpublished), 1931
                     Statistical Research Work of the U. S. Tariff Commission, in U.S. Daily, 1931
                     Statistics of Current Business Activity Their Past, Present and Future, for Dunn’s
                              Review, 1935
                     Measurement of Effects of Reciprocal Trade Agreements, in Journal of the
                              American Statistical Association, March 1937
                     Revision of Statistical Abstract, September 1940
                     Standard Commodity Classification” for Central Statistics Board, 1940
                     The European War and the Import Trade of the U.S. (unpublished), 1941
                     Foreign Trade and Other International Economic Transactions, chapter in
                              Economic Principles and Problems, 1947
                     Country Classification of Foreign Trade, chapter in International Trade Statistics,
                     Current Tariff Problems, publication correspondence, 1953
                     Behind the Tariff Debate, New York Times, April 1955
                     Is the Tariff a Dead Issue? (unpublished), 1956
                     Trade Agreements Program – Publication Correspondence, 1955-1956 (4 folders)
                     Why the American Tariff is Important (unpublished) 1958
                     Nature and Background to the Pending Tariff Legislation, unpublished, 1958
                     The Atlantic Union and the Tariff partly published in Freedom and Union, undated
                     Curiosities of Money, undated


5          Family Correspondence, 1918-1927, 1932-1940, and undated (7 folders)
            Foreign Currency
            General Correspondence, 1942, 1951
            Honors and Awards
                     United States
            Obituaries, Eulogies, and Baby Sayings
                     Durand, Edward D.
                     Durand, Mary B.
            Photographs: In A-V collection
            Scrapbook, ca. 1912-1924, Autograph Book, 1885-1886

Microfilm MF-65/3. Memoirs of Edward Dana Durand, 1954 (438 pages)
Part I. Ancestral History and Relatives of Edward Dana Durand and Mary Elizabeth Bennett
1. Ancestral History of Edward Dana Durand, 1
2. Ancestral History of Mary Elizabeth Bennett Durand, 29
3. Children of Edward Dana and Mary Elizabeth Bennett Durand, 47
Part II. Life and Work
1. Childhood and Youth, 49
2. College and University Education, 79
3. Marriage and Family, 97
4. Work Before Entering Federal Government, 117
5. Work Against the Trusts, 133
6. Work as Director of the Census, 153
7. Work and Life in Minnesota, 1913‑1917, 167
8. World War I and Immediate Postwar Period, 191
9. Work and Life in Poland, 1919‑1921, 209
10. Work for the Department of Commerce, 1921‑1930, 241
11. Work in the Tariff Commission, 1930‑1952, 251
12. Participation in the Framing of Trade Agreements, 267
13. Participation in International Movements for Improving Statistics, 279
Part III. Foreign Travel
1. Introduction, 297
2. The British Isles, 301
3. France, 329
4. Switzerland, 351
5. Italy, 361
6. Germany, 377
7. Belgium and Holland, 385
8. Greece, 391
9. Egypt, 401
10. Atlantic Crossings, 405
11. Mexico, 415
12. Canada, 425