"Revolutionary America! 1763-1789 April 20-November 3, 2002

The Real Revolution

The Original Rebels--What Happened to Them?

photo collage of revoultionariesTHE ORIGINAL REBELS
What happened to them?

JOHN ADAMS served as ambassador to England at the time of the Constitutional Convention, was elected Vice President in the Washington administration and became the second President of the United States in 1797.
SAMUEL ADAMS retired from Congress in 1781, served as a Massachusetts state senator and also governor after the death of John Hancock.
ETHAN ALLEN was imprisoned for two years in Canada and in Britain. After he was released he settled on 1400 acres of farmland where he pushed for Vermont statehood.
BENEDICT ARNOLD went to London in 1781 and lived with his wife and son for another 20 years, despised by Americans and ignored by Englishmen.
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN is considered by many historians to be the greatest diplomat in American history. This statesman, scientist, inventor and writer lived to be 84 years old.
NATHANIEL GREENE faced deep personal debt after paying for clothiers to outfit his Southern troops during the war. He died at the young age of 44.
ALEXANDER HAMILTON's arrogant personality created enmity, and he was fatally wounded during a duel with rival Aaron Burr in 1804.
JOHN HANCOCK found himself distanced from his former revolutionary colleagues and returned to Massachusetts, where he served as Governor on and off for eleven years.
PATRICK HENRY served as Governor of Virginia and "smelled a rat" regarding the Constitution. He favored a plan that gave more power to the states, and in consequence, led the drive for a Bill of Rights.
THOMAS JEFFERSON replaced Ben Franklin as minister to France in the court of King Louis XVI, was appointed Secretary of State by President Washington, served as Vice President under John Adams, and became the third President of the United States in 1801.
JOHN PAUL JONES was made a chevalier of France, visited the U.S. for the last time in 1787 and served as a Russian rear admiral before returning to Paris.
JAMES MADISON married a vivacious bombshell named Dolley Paine Todd in 1794, served as Secretary of State under Thomas Jefferson and became the fourth President of the United States in 1809.
FRANCIS MARION served in the South Carolina senate, was a delegate to the South Carolina Constitutional Convention, and later commanded Fort Johnson in Charleston Harbor.
JAMES MONROE served as a Congressman from Virginia, an ambassador to France, and became the fifth President of the United States in 1817.
DANIEL MORGAN suffered from sciata and nearly died. He recovered to entertain 19 grandchildren with colorful and graphic depictions of the war.
THOMAS PAINE became too radical even for America and moved to France where he was imprisoned for supporting the French Revolution. He died impoverished.
PAUL REVERE headed a unit of the Massachusetts militia. After the war he opened a foundry in Boston that provided copper sheeting for the hull of the U.S.S. Constitution. Revere outlived 10 of his 16 children.
GEORGE WASHINGTON became "The Father of Our Country," a man more admired and respected in his lifetime than any subsequent figure in American history. The nation and the world mourned when he died in 1799.

The French:
KING LOUIS XVI of France was sent to the guillotine during the French Revolution of 1789 - the same year that America celebrated the inauguration of its first president.
THE MARQUIS DE LAFAYETTE helped to begin the French Revolution, but was later exiled during the reign of military dictator Napolean Bonaparte. After touring America in 1824 he returned to France with a crate of U.S. soil for his burial plot.

The English:
KING GEORGE III considered abdicating his throne after the defeat at Yorktown, and suffered from bouts of insanity. England fought on to protect the British empire against the French, Spanish and Dutch.
SIR HENRY CLINTON became the scapegoat for the loss of America. He divided his time between his legitimate family and his American mistress whom he had met in Boston in 1775.
LORD CORNWALLIS was cleared of all blame after the surrender at Yorktown and was appointed Governor-General of India.
BANASTRE TARLETON returned to England as a hero where he gambled, drank and wenched for many years. He was eventually knighted.



How Did We Do? Sub-Sections
The High Price of Liberty
George Washington
Miracle at Philadelphia
  Three Visionaries: James Madison, Benjamin Franklin and Alexander Hamilton
  The First President of the United States
The Real Revolution
  The Original Rebels (You are here)


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