"Revolutionary America! 1763-1789 April 20-November 3, 2002

Diverse Populations in America

photo of exhibit section
In this photo:
SLAVERY ARTIFACTS include a 1773 Sales Receipt; Engraving showing slave ship conditions, Chains or Shackles, Slave Collar, 1764 Sermon; and a Musical instrument made of tin and wooden pitchfork, c.1800s
  On loan from the collection of:
    --Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum, Hyde Park NY
    --James Hicks, Iowa City IA
    --Michael Zahs, Ainsworth IA
TRADE ITEMS, including a 1775 tomahawk and Hudson Bay Blankets
    --Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort KY
    --Michael Zahs, Ainsworth IA
PIONEER HOODS worn by Anne Eve Zimmerman Markell Getman (1743-1822), shot and then scalped as she feigned death
    --Shalla Wilson, Iowa City IA
LOG HOUSE BUILDING TOOLS, including yokes, saws, mallets, axes, c. 1800s
    --Michael Zahs, Ainsworth IA

Human Property

Slave traders had been selling kidnapped Africans to all of the colonies since the early 1600s. A prosperous "triangle trade" began when Caribbean molasses was shipped to New England rum distilleries, then the rum crossed the Atlantic to Africa where it was swapped for a return cargo of captive Black tribesmen. Of the 540,000 slaves in the colonies (not even counted in population figures), many lived their lives in chains and were trapped into a life neither African nor American.

Eighty-five Separate Nations

Over 200,000 Native Americans lived east of the Mississippi River, separated into 85 different nations and into two major language groups, Algonquian and Iroquoian. Ancient rivalries led to constant warfare, and by the mid-18th century, bows and arrows had been replaced by guns and ammunition. Soon they would be choosing sides in the war between Britain and America.

Scrappy Farmers and Tough Frontiersmen

Owning land beyond the Appalachian Mountains became the dream of Daniel Boone, along with many thousands of colonists. The land was also claimed by Native Americans, and much bloodshed on both sides led King George to send in British troops, primarily to keep white pioneers out of western territories. The King wanted the colonists to live near the ocean where his Royal Navy could be in control. View Daniel Boone's rifle.


Who Were We? Sub-Sections
Three Georgraphic Regions
Diverse Populations (You are here)
  Slave Chains
  Daniel Boone, Trailblazer to the West
Colonial Society
Faith and Literacy
The Taverns
  Wine Glasses of George and Martha Washington


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