American Women!
A Celebration of Our History
April 22 -- October 29, 2000

Frontier women push back the wilderness
Urban women push for social reform
Women visionaries push for equality

Click on the photo for an enlarged view

Frontier territories and western states acknowledged the equality of women 50 years before the rest of the country. These next five decades culminated in what filmmaker Ken Burns described as the "largest social transformation in American history."

The need was great for social reform and assistance to working women in the last three decades of the 19th century. They were paid one-half as much as men--working 10-16 hour days, six days every week--and also were expected to continue with household duties. Women's groups worked to bring moral and social issues into the national spotlight. All over the country, women were upsetting "the natural order of things."

The process had begun in earnest after Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony had joined forces at the Women's Rights Convention in 1848. Their determined message for fairness and equality had been grinding away at obstructive thinking for years and years, yet both Anthony and Stanton died in the early 1900s, never to see their dream of equality fulfilled.

New advocates brought together thousands of women to march in highly publicized suffrage parades, and by 1920, women were granted the right to vote by the passage of the 19th Amendment. Yet even the woman's vote did not guarantee equal rights. that battle continued.

American Women!

Laura Ingalls Wilder and Annie Oakley, Taming the Wild West
Lizzie Borden, Axe Murderer?
Carry Nation, Temperance Leader
Mary Baker Eddy, Founder of Christian Science
Mary Cassatt, Artist
Edith Wharton, Author
Molly Brown, Unsinkable Titanic Survivor

And Women's Rights Leaders:
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, Suffragists and Reformers
Belva Lockwood, Attorney and Feminist
Emma Goldman, Radical Activist
Alice Paul, Militant Suffragist
Edith Wilson, First Lady and "Mrs. President"
Jane Addams and Carrie Chapman Catt, Suffragists, Pacifists, & Reformers
Ida Wells-Barnett, Militant Black Journalist

"red arrow" Continue the story--NEXT..."Jazz to War 1920-1950"
or visit:
  From Colony to Country, 1600-1800 From Fifties to Feminism, 1950-1990
  From Growth to Civil War, 1800-1870 Into the 21st Century, 1990 onward
"red arrow" View an alphabetical list of all 106 women included in American Women! with links to photos and biographies for selected women
"red arrow" View a Thank You to over 100 lenders to Ameican Women!
"red arrow" Return to American Women! index page
"black arrow" Return to Hoover Library-Museum virtual exhibits page
"black arrow" Return to Hoover Library-Museum main index page